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|標題:||The proglycation effect of caffeic acid leads to the elevation of oxidative stress and inflammation in monocytes, macrophages and vascular endothelial cells||作者:||Wu, C.H.
|Project:||Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry||期刊/報告no：:||Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry, Volume 22, Issue 6, Page(s) 585-594.||摘要:||
In this study, the effects of phenolic acids [caffeic acid (CA), ferulic acid, m-coumaric acid, and chlorogenic acid] on methylglyoxal (MG)-induced protein glycation were investigated in vitro. Sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and advanced glycation end products (AGEs)-specific fluorescence showed that MG-mediated protein modification was enhanced dose-dependently by CA (P<.05), whereas alpha-lipoic acid, glutathione and EDTA inhibited these changes. Electron paramagnetic resonance spectra showed that CA increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) production during glycation, suggesting the proglycation mechanism of CA is associated with its pro-oxidative properties. Additionally, fetal bovine serum (FBS) was utilized as the source of target proteins for evaluating the effects of CA in cells. Differential glycation of FBS samples was performed by incubating FBS with MG, CA or aminoguanidine (AG, an AGE inhibitor). FBS incubated with MG and CA (MG/CA-FBS) evoked the greatest deleterious responses, as follows: (1) inducing proinflammatory tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha and interleukin-1 beta expression and ROS production in monocytic THP-1 cells, (2) stimulating TNF-alpha secretion in RAW 264.7 macrophages and (3) causing oxidative DNA damage and inducing the expression of receptor for AGEs (RAGE), intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 in human umbilical vein endothelial cells. Furthermore, adhesion and transendothelial migration of monocytes were also significantly increased by MG/CA-FBS treatment compared to MG-FBS (P<.05). In conclusion, our data show that CA exhibits pro-oxidative and pro-glycative effects during the glycation process, suggesting a detrimental role for CA under high-glycotoxin conditions. (C) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
|Appears in Collections:||食品暨應用生物科技學系|
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