Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/65658
DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.advisor羅紹麟zh_TW
dc.contributor.advisorLo, Shaw-Linen_US
dc.contributor.author羅凱安zh_TW
dc.contributor.authorLo, Kai-Anen_US
dc.date1997zh_TW
dc.date.accessioned2014-06-09T09:28:25Z-
dc.date.available2014-06-09T09:28:25Z-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11455/65658-
dc.description.abstract台灣林地由私人經營之面積約佔全部四分之一 (507,377 ha), 種類包括私有林、原 住民保留地中之宜林地,以及國有租地造林地,這些林地使用之良窳,直接間接影響農 林產品與環境效益甚巨。本文藉用地理資訊系統整合林地空間資料與問卷調查林主所獲 得之經營措施等屬性變數,應用多變量統計分析,對私人經營林地之使用類型、效率、 以及影響因素作一整合性之研究,提供未來擬定私有林業政策之參考。主要之分析方法 上,林地使用類型之分析方面,以因素分析和群團分析; 林地效率評定方面,以主成分 回歸及本研究依據永續性原則下,所定義之經濟與環境效率比率計?潀?在影響因素方 面,亦以因素分析及回歸、logit 回歸、判別分析等方法。在實證上以南投縣南港溪集 水區為樣區,就集水區內不同自然、社經條件之三鄉鎮,抽樣調查上述四種不同林地財 產權之私人經營林地使用現況加以比較分析,並探究其主要影響因素。 而經由本研究所獲得之主要結論如下: 1.所調查之私人經營林地使用型態上,有 57.8% 採行複合經營,故以地區來看,私人 經營林地之使用為一複雜的土地鑲嵌體。若以其經營投入產出因素加以分群,可分為 :大規模長期林木粗放經營型、小規模長期採筍複合經營型、新植園藝果樹竹筍多重 複合經營型、大規模果樹集約經營型、密集管理短期果樹作物經營型等 5 種。 其主 要受海拔、氣候、林地財產權、經營目的、勞力、交通、複合經營、坡度等因素所影 響。 2.目前有四分之一( 25.1% )林地採行混農林經營之方式, 主要以園藝型與竹筍型二 種居多,作物型最少。而主要影響因素:海拔、地價與財產權是負的影響;集約經營 目的、靠近主要道路等是正面的影響。 3.經由本研究所提出之效率衡量方法,在經濟效率方面,地區間,仁愛鄉>國姓鄉>埔 里鎮,地種間,保留地>解除地>租地造林>私有地>,林地經營型間,作物型>竹 筍型≒果樹型>林木型>園藝型,而主要的影響因素是:地價與財產權、經營目的、 以及林業勞力多寡;在環境效率方面,地區間,埔里鎮>國姓鄉>仁愛鄉>,地種間 ,解除地≒租地造林>私有地≒保留地,林地經營型間,林木型≒園藝型>竹筍型> 果樹型>作物型,主要的影響因素有:林地特性、經營目的、以及林地勞力多寡。 4.藉由假設環境管制下林主對環境與目標之取捨結果得知,目前私林主對林地使用經濟 目標之權重均大於環境目標。 在地區之經濟目標權重上, 仁愛鄉為 0.73, 國姓鄉 0.64,埔里鎮 0.61; 在地種之經濟目標權重上,保留地 0.73,租地造林 0.70,解 除地 0.61,私有地 0.60;在林地經營類型上,竹筍型 0.71、作物型 0.70、果樹型 0.69,園藝型 0.62,林木型 0.56。而權重大小也指出了林主經營目標之多寡及環境 管制成效之大小。 5.林地、林主二層面的因素都對造林意願有所影響,影響目前是否造林之主要因素:集 約經營是負的影響;複合經營、造林儲蓄目的、林主的能力與機會等是正面的影響。 而影響是否接受造林補助之主要因素:造林環境保全目的、能力與機會是正面的影響 。而影響是否接受保留林木獎勵計畫之主要因素:地價與財產權是負的影響,複合經 營與造林保育環境目的則有正向的影響。 因此建議從擬定私人經營林地使用計畫、林地分區管制與良好財產權設計、林主輔導 、教育與資訊溝通、整合性林地資訊化管理、適度的混農林業經營、發展林業相容產業 等方面措施著手,導正私人林地之經營,促進林地合理使用。zh_TW
dc.description.abstractThere are 507,377 hectares (about 24.4 % of total cover) of forestland held by private in Taiwan. The tenure of these forestlands includes private ownership(PF), aboriginal reserve forestland(AF), released national forestland(RF), leased national forestland(LF),. Although these forestland are small scale and their holders almost are farms. These forestlands do provide important sources of forest products and environmental benefits to the Island. The purposes of this research are to find out current landus e types, efficiency, and influential factors of these forestlands. Therefore, this research applied geographic information system (GIS) to integrate the spatial data of these forestlands and the management attributes that acquired from the opinions of the private holders through personal survey. The major methods for study purposes, the landuse type analysis using factor analysis and cluster analysis; the efficiencies measurement are conducted by economic and environmental cost saving function which this research has proposed; the influential factors analysis using ordinary regression, logit regression and discriminant analysis accordance with the scale of explained variables that author wants to understand. An illustration has demonstrated and explored these forestlands that locate in the Nankang Watershed, which is divided by Pu-Li town(PL), Kuo-Hsing village(KH), and Jen-Ai(JA) village. There are several findings in our study are as follows: 1.There are 57.8% forestland have manage more one species jointly. That creates landuse pattern look like complex mosaic in a zone just. In according to the structures of input/output of landuse. It can be classified five landuse types. There can be divided as long term extensive tree type (A type), small-scale long term jointly bamboo type (B type), recent more jointly horticulture species type(C type), orchard intensive type (D type), and intensive short-term crop type (E type). The major influential f ac tors of landuse types include elevation/climate, land price/property right of forest, objectives of holder, amount of household labor, feasibility of home to forestland, jointly management, and slope of land. 2.About a quarter forestland adopted agroforestry of this survey. It mainly composed of C and B landuse type. The major influential factors of holder to adopt agroforestry include elevation/climate, land price/property right of forest which are adverse, but intensive objectives of holder, close to highway are positive. 3.According to efficiency measure methods that this research has proposed. The comparison of economic efficiency, ZA > KH > PL among three different socioeconomic zone; AF > RF > LF > PF among four different property rights; E type > B type ≒ D type > A type > C type among five landuse types. The major influential factors of economics efficiency include land price/property right of forest, intensive objectives of holder, and close to highway. However, The comparison of environmental efficiency, PL > KH > ZA among t hr ee zones, RF ≒ LF > PF ≒ AF among four kind property rights. A type > C type > B type > D type > E type among five landuse types. The major influential factors of environmental efficiency include characteristic of forestland, objectives of holder, and amount of household labor. 4.Under assumed environmental control regulation. Based upon marginal cost/benefit analysis. The private holder weight economic goal more than environmental goal. The weight of economic goal of ZA is 0.73, KH is 0.64, PL is 0.61; AF is 0.73, LF is 0.70, RF is 0.61, PF is 0.60; B type is 0.71, E type is 0.70, D type is 0.69, C type is 0.62, A type is 0.56. These values not only point out the weight of holders'' goal but also show the smaller value, the higher effectiveness of environmental control regulati on . 5.The attributes of forestland and the characteristics of holder are two important dimensions to three reforesting problems. 1) The major influential factors of whether reforestation currently include the jointly management, saving objective of reforestation, abilities and opportunities of holder which are positive factors; but intensive objective of holder is adverse factor. 2) The major influential factors of whether to accept the government subsidy include the holder''s preserved objective of forestlan d surroundings, abilities and opportunities of holder are positive factors. 3) The major influential factors of whether to accept award and joint the tree preservation plan include land price/property of forest is adverse factor; but joint management, the holder''s preserved objective of forestland surroundings are positive factors. Therefore, We proposed six suggestions for policy design to ensure efficient forestland use. These suggestion can be described as followings: 1) The forestland use plan must be in accordance with the properties of different zone; 2) Forestland zoning control must be enforced and property rights of forest must be well-defined; 3) Develop compatible industries for local forestry; 4) To strengthen extension, education and communication programs in support of the private holder, 5) to integrate muti- infor ma tion to monitor the forestland use, and 6) Introduce agroforestry in some specific areas to improve forestland use.en_US
dc.description.tableofcontents封面 目錄 頁次 摘要 SUMMARY 目錄 圖目次 表目次 壹、緒論 一、研究背景 (一)私人經營林地之定義 (二)面積與分佈 (三)林地使用現況 (四)目前面臨問題 二、研究目地與範圍 (一)研究動機與目的 (二)研就流程與內容 貳、文獻回顧 一、私人經營林地使用型態 (一)林戶經營規模 (二)栽植樹種與配置 (三)經營之投入與產出 (四)混農林業 二、林地使用效率 (一)適宜性分析 (二)經營經濟 (三)環境經濟 (四)生態永續 三、林地使用之影響因素 (一)林主因素 (二)林地因素 (三)外部因素 四、政府之監督與誘導 (一)財政支持 (二)經營輔導 (三)使用管制 (四)政策原則 參、研究方法與實證地區 一、研究理論與方法 (一)林地使用型態之分群 (二)林地使用效率之測定 (三)林地使用影響因素之分析 二、實證地區與資料來源 (一)實證地區概述 (二)調查方法與資料來源 (三)資料之整合與分析 三、研究假設與限制 肆、結果與討論 一、林地使用型態之分析 (一)基本現況分析 (二)林地經營投入產出組成因素 (三)林地使用類型之分群 (四)不同林地使用類型之特性 (五)混農林經營 二、林地使用效率之測定 (一)效率衡量與估計 (二)效率比較 (三)經濟與環境之取捨 三、林地使用影響因素之分析 (一)重要影響變數因素之分析 (二)林地使用類型之影響因素 (三)林地使用效率之影響因素 (四)林主造林意願之影響因素 (五)綜合分析 伍、結論與建議 陸、參考文獻 附錄一、林主調查問卷 附錄二、調查資料中主要變數差異性比較 附錄三、林地使用類型層級分類樹型圖 附錄四、主要栽植之根系與樹冠數量資料 附錄五、影響變數因素分析結果 附錄六、影響因素在地區與地種間之差異性比較zh_TW
dc.language.isoen_USzh_TW
dc.publisher森林學系研究所zh_TW
dc.subjectPrivate Holding Forestlanden_US
dc.subject私人經營林地zh_TW
dc.subjectEfficiencyen_US
dc.subjectMultivariate Analysisen_US
dc.subjectSustainabilityen_US
dc.subjectGeographic Information Systemen_US
dc.subject效率zh_TW
dc.subject多變量分析zh_TW
dc.subject永續性zh_TW
dc.subject地理資訊系統zh_TW
dc.title私人經營林地使用與影響因素之研究--以南投縣內南港溪集水區為例zh_TW
dc.titleThe Private Holding Forestland Use and Influential Factors: An Illustration of Nankang Watershed in Nantou Countyen_US
dc.typeThesis and Dissertationzh_TW
item.languageiso639-1en_US-
item.cerifentitytypePublications-
item.grantfulltextnone-
item.openairetypeThesis and Dissertation-
item.openairecristypehttp://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_18cf-
item.fulltextno fulltext-
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