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Postmodern Performative Identities and Trauma in the Work of Paul Auster
|關鍵字:||後現代主義;Postmodernism;飾演;個體;創傷;虛無主義。;performativity;identity;trauma;nihilism.||出版社:||外國語文學系所||引用:||Alford, Steven E. "Mirrors of Madness: Paul Auster''s The New York Trilogy." Critique 37.1 (1995): 17-33. Web. Auster, Paul. Collected Prose. London: Faber and Faber, 2003. Print. ---. In the Country of Last Things. London: Faber and Faber, 2005. Print. ---. Invisible. New York: Picador, 2009. Print. ---. Leviathan. London: Faber and Faber, 2001. Print. ---. Man in the Dark. New York: Picador, 2008. Print. ---. Moon Palace. London: Faber and Faber, 1988. Print. ---. Mr Vertigo. London: Faber and Faber, 1994. Print. ---. The Book of Illusions. New York: Picador, 2002. Print. ---. The Brooklyn Follies. New York: Picador, 2006. Print. ---. The Invention of Solitude. London: Faber and Faber, 1992. Print. ---. The Music of Chance. London: Faber and Faber, 2006. Print. ---. The New York Trilogy. London: Faber and Faber, 2004. Print. ---. Travels in the Scriptorium. New York: Picador, 2006. Print. ---. True Tales of American Life. London: Faber and Faber, 2002. Print. Badiou, Alain. Being and Event. Trans. Oliver Feltham. New York: Continuum, 2005. Print. Barone, Dennis. Beyond the Red Notebook: Essays on Paul Auster. Philadelphia: U of Pennsylvania P, 1995. Print. Barthes, Roland. Mythologies. Trans. Annette Lavers. London: Vintage, 2000. Print. Bewes, Timothy. "Against the Ontology of the Present: Paul Auster''s Cinematographic Fictions." Twentieth Century Literature 53.3 (2007): 273-297. Web. Bloom, Harold. Paul Auster. Philadelphia: Chelsea House Publishers, 2004. Print. Brown, Mark. Paul Auster. Palgrave Macmillan, 2008. Print. Butler, Judith. Bodies that Matter: On the Discursive Limits of "Sex". New York: Routledge, 1993. Print. ---. Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. New York: Routledge, 1990. Print. Butler, Martin, and Jens Martin Gurr. "The Poetics and Politics of Metafiction: Reading Paul Auster''s Travels in the Scriptorium." English Studies 89.2 (2008): 195-209. Web. Caruth, Cathy. Trauma: Explorations in Memory. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins UP, 1995. Print. ---. Unclaimed Experience: Trauma, Narrative, and History. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins UP, 1996. Print. Clewell, Tammy. "Mourning Beyond Melancholia: Freud''s Psychoanalysis of Loss." Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association 52.1 (2004): 43-67. Web. Derrida, Jacques. The Work of Mourning. Ed. and trans. Pascale-Anne Brault and Michael Naas. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 2001. Print. ---. Writing and Difference. Trans. Alan Bass. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1978. Print. Freud, Sigmund. A Case of Hysteria: Three Essays on Sexuality and Other Works. London: Vintage, 2001. Print. ---. The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud. 24 vols. Trans. and introd. James Strachey. London: Hogarth Press, 1900. Print. Gonalez, Jesus Angel. "Words Versus Images: Paul Auster''s Films from "Smoke" to "The Book of Illusions." Literature-Film Quarterly 37.1 (2009): 28-48. Web. Hutcheon, Linda. A Poetics of Postmodernism: History, Theory, Fiction. New York: Routledge, 1988. Print. ---. The Politics of Postmodernism. London: Routledge, 1989. Print. Jameson, Fredric. Postmodernism, or, The Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism. Durham: Duke UP, 1991. Print. Kristeva, Julia. Black Sun: Depression and Melancholia. Trans. Leon S. Roudiez. New York: Columbia UP, 1992. Print. ---. Powers of Horror: An Essay on Abjection. Trans. Leon S. Roudiez. New York: Columbia UP, 1982. Print. Lacan, Jacques. "From The Agency of the Letter in the Unconscious." The Norton Anthology of Theory and Criticism. New York: London, 2001. Print. Lyotard, Jean-FranCois. The Postmodern Condition: A Report on Knowledge. Trans. Geoff Bennington and Brian Massumi. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P, 1984. Print. Mansfield, Nick. Subjectivity: Theories of the Self from Freud to Haraway. New York: New York UP, 2000. Print. Martin, Brendan. Paul Auster’s Postmodernity. New York: Routledge, 2008. Web. McHale, Brian. Postmodernist Fiction. New York: Methuen, 1987. Print. McKean, Matthew. "Paul Auster and the French Connection: City of Glass and French Philosophy." Literature Interpretation Theory 21 (2010): 101-18. Web. Peacock, James. Understanding Paul Auster. U of South Carolina P, 2010. Print. Salmela, Markku. "The Bliss of Being Lost: Revisiting Paul Auster''s Nowhere." Critique 49.2 (2008): 131-46. Web. Saussure, Ferdinand de. Course in General Linguistics. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1966. Print. Shiloh, Ilana. Paul Auster and Postmodern Quest: On the Road to Nowhere. Peter Lang Publisher, 2002. Print. Shostak, Debra. "In the Country of Missing Persons: Paul Auster''s Narratives of Trauma." Studies in the Novel 41.1 (2009): 66-87. Web. ---. "Under the Sign of Moon Palace: Paul Auster and the Body in the Text." Critique 49.2 (2008): 149-68. Web. Soderlind, Sylvia. "Humpty Dumpty in New York: Language and Regime Change in Paul Auster''s City of Glass." MFS Modern Fiction Studies 57.1 (2011): 1-16. Web. Springer, Carsten. A Paul Auster Sourcebook. Peter Lang Pub, 2001. Print. Rubenstein, Roberta. "Doubling, Intertextuality, and the Postmodern Uncanny: Paul Auster''s New York Trilogy." LIT: Literature Interpretation Theory 9.3 (1998): 245-62. Web. Russell, Alison. "Deconstructing The New York Trilogy: Paul Auster''s Anti-Detective Fiction." Critique 31 (1990): 71-84. Web. Tsai, Shu-hui. The Empty Face: The Postmodern Sublime in Don DeLillo and Paul Auster. Diss. Natl Taiwan U, 2003. Taipei: NDLTD, 2003. Web. Uchiyama, Kanae. "The Death of the Other: A Levinasian Reading of Paul Auster''s Moon Palace." MFS Modern Fiction Studies 54.1 (2008): 115-39. Web. Varvogli, Aliki. World that is the Book: Paul Auster''s Fiction. U of Chicago P, 2001. Print. Weller, Shane. Literature, Philosophy, Nihilism: The Uncanniest of Guest. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008. Web. White, Curtis. "The Auster Instance: A Ficto-Biography." Review of Contemporary Fiction 14.1 (1994): 26-29. Web. Zilcosky, John. "The Revenge of the Author: Paul Auster''s Challenge to Theory." Critique 39.3 (1998): 195-206. Web.||摘要:||
Paul Auster is a postmodernist novelist who represents the multiplicity of postmodern worlds by showing the tipping point of the fictitious and realistic. The stories of Auster''s thus reveal to be hard for distinguishing the fantasy and history since they merge with each other and become more and more indistinguishable. Thus, the characters that Auster create allegorize the real world person from past and now. Still, the story of Auster is as a loop that each connects to the other as they are repetitive and related. A story within a story is another feature of Auster''s novel that the conventional hierarchy of storyline reversed which increases the uncanniness of postmodern novels. In this thesis, I will explore the interplay between postmodernity and performativity on Paul Auster''s characters and the worlds they interact with by utilizing Linda Hutcheon and Fredric Jameson''s theory of postmodernism, Brian McHale''s idea on postmodernist fiction, and Judith Butler''s theory of performative identity. The attitudes of the characters in reaction with the world in a depressive manner is a common theme in Auster''s novels as well. I will then examine the psychological apparatuses by using Cathy Caruth''s and Tammy Clewell''s trauma theory and to see how Friedrich Nietzsche’s nihilism applies on the characters. Finally, I would see how Auster creates the worlds of postmodernist fiction by interrelating postmodernism with performativity and trauma theory.
|Appears in Collections:||外國語文學系所|
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