Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/6577
標題: 哀傷主體:評唐‧迪力羅《身體藝術家》中的病徵享樂
The Subject in Mourning: Symptom Enjoyment in Don DeLillo’s The Body Artist
作者: 陳鈞閎
Chen, Chun-Hung
關鍵字: 唐‧迪力羅;Don DeLillo;《身體藝術家》;創傷;哀悼;潛意識;昇華;病徵享樂;幻見;The Body Artist;Trauma;Mourning;The Unconscious;Sublimation;Symptom Enjoyment;Fantasy
出版社: 外國語文學系所
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John N. Duvall. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2008. 27-40. Print. Kristeva, Julia. Black Sun: Depression and Melancholia. Trans. Leon S. Roudiez. NY and Chichester: Columbia UP, 1989. Print. Lacan, Jacques. The Four Fundamental Concepts of Psycho-Analysis. Ed. Jacques-Alain Miller. Trans. Alan Sheridan. London and New York: W. W. Norton, 1981. Print. ---. The Seminar of Jacques Lacan: Book III, The Psychoses 1955-56. Ed. Jacques-Alain Miller. Trans. Russell Grigg. New York: Norton, 1993. Print. ---. The Seminar of Jacques Lacan Edited by Jacques-Alain Miller: Book VII The Ethics of Psychoanalysis 1959-1960. Trans. Dennis Porter. London and New York: W. W. Norton, 1992. Print. Laplanche, J. and J. Pontalis. The Language of Psycho-analysis. Trans. Donald Nicholoson-Smith. London and New York: Norton, 1973. Print. Laurent, &Eacute;ric. “Alienation and Separation (II).” Reading Seminar XI: Lacan’s Four Fundamental Concepts of Psychoanalysis. Ed. Richard Feldstein and Bruce Fink. New York: Albany, 1995. 29-38. Print. Lentricchia, Frank. “The American Writer as Bad Citizen.” Introducing Don DeLillo. Ed. Frank Lentricchia. Durham: Duke UP, 1991. 1-6. Print. Longmuir, Anne. “Performing the Body in Don DeLillo''s The Body Artist.” MFS Modern Fiction Studies 53.3 (2007): 528-43. Moss, Maria, and Don DeLillo. “‘Writing as a Deeper Form of Concentration’: An Interview with Don DeLillo.” Conversations with Don DeLillo. Ed. Thomas DiPietro. Jackson: UP of Mississippi, 2005. 155-68. Print. Myers, Tony. Slavoj Žižek. London and New York: Routledge, 2003. Print. Naas, Michael. “House Organs: The Strange Case of the Body Artist and Mr. Tuttle.” Oxford Literary Review 30.1 (2008): 87-108. Nadotti, Maria, and Don DeLillo. “An Interview with Don DeLillo.” Conversations with Don DeLillo. Ed. Thomas DiPietro. Jackson: UP of Mississippi, 2005. 109-18. Print. Nel, Philip. “DeLillo and Modernism.” The Cambridge Companion to Don DeLillo. Ed. John N. Duvall. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2008. 13-26. Print. Osteen, Mark. “DeLillo’s Dedalian Artists.” The Cambridge Companion to Don DeLillo. Ed. John N. Duvall. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2008. 137-50. Print. ---. “Echo Chamber: Undertaking The Body Artist.” Studies in the Novel 37.1 (2005): 64-81. Roberts, Jon. &quot;''Being Here or Where'': Changing the Subject in The Body Artist.&quot; Americana: E-Journal of American Studies in Hungary 1.1 (2005): MLA International Bibliography. EBSCO. Web. 18 August. 2011. Soler, Colette. “The Subject and the Other (I).” Reading Seminar XI: Lacan’s Four Fundamental Concepts of Psychoanalysis. Ed. Richard Feldstein and Bruce Fink. New York: Albany, 1995. 39-44. Print. Ziegler, Robert. “Mourning and Creation in Don DeLillo''s The Body Artist.” Notes on Contemporary Literature 35.3 (2005): 7-10. Print. Žižek, Slavoj. Enjoy Your Symptom! Jacques Lacan in Hollywood and Out. London and New York: Routledge, 2001. Print. ---. How to Read Lacan. New York: Norton, 2007. Print. ---. “‘I Hear you with My Eyes;’ or, the Invisible Master.” Gaze and Voice as Love Objects. Ed. Renata Salecl and Slavoj Žižek. Durham: Duke UP, 1996. 90-126. Print. ---. The Indivisible Remainder. London: Verso, 1996. Print. ---. Looking Awry: An Introduction to Jacques Lacan through Popular Culture. Cambridge: MIT, 1992. Print. ---. The Plague of Fantasies. London and New York: Verso, 1997. Print. ---. The Sublime Object of Ideology. London and New York: Verso, 1989. Print.
摘要: 
中文摘要

本論文旨以精神分析理論來探討唐‧迪力羅 (Don DeLillo) 小說《身體藝術家》(The Body Artist)中,女主角羅蘭(Lauren Hartke)如何面對她丈夫死亡所造成的創傷。在小說中,羅蘭在心靈受創的情形下,藉由隔絕自己來思念她自殺身亡的丈夫,瑞(Rey Robles)。正當她活在自我封閉的世界時,一位神秘人物,塔托先生(Mr. Tuttle)突然出現在羅蘭的家中。羅蘭在這位神秘客身上,發現了她先生的蛛絲馬跡,便與他產生某些微妙互動,來哀悼她先生。首先,本論文說明羅蘭在創傷事件之後,陷入極度的哀傷。她於是產生某種病徵(symptom),來度過丈夫死亡後的悲傷世界。塔托先生的出現,象徵羅蘭因瑞死亡而產生的病徵。本文接著分析塔托先生對羅蘭的影響。羅蘭的意識,因為潛意識的干擾而呈現混亂狀態。搭托先生正是造成羅蘭意識不穩定的徵結。職是之故,羅蘭怎樣應付她受傷的心理便是本文接下來的要點。一方面,羅蘭以身體藝術的活動,昇華(sublimate)了她在瑞死亡後的悲傷情緒。同時,她也藉由病徵所形成的幻見(fantasy),來滿足她想要瑞還活在世上的慾望。羅蘭以病徵享樂(symptom enjoyment)的方式,和創傷妥協共存。最後,本論文解釋羅蘭如何看穿她慾望的本質,以及她透過身體藝術的自我療程,進而面對哀傷且超越創傷。

English Abstract

This thesis discusses Don DeLillo’s novel The Body Artist from the perspective of psychoanalysis. In the novel, the heroine Lauren Hartke suffers from the trauma caused by her husband’s death. In reaction to the traumatic experience, Lauren secludes herself and misses her dead husband, Rey Robles. During the seclusion, a mysterious figure, Mr. Tuttle, appears in Lauren’s house and she seems to mourn for Rey all the way through the stranger. This thesis employs psychoanalytic theories to examine how Lauren struggles against her psychic plight in the aftermath of the trauma. First, the impact of Rey’s death on Lauren’s mental state is analyzed. In the state of desperate mourning, Lauren develops a symptom as a compromise formation for the distressing reality of Rey’s absence. Mr. Tuttle, who emerges after Rey’s death, is the symptom. Next, the relation between Lauren and Mr. Tuttle is explored. Lauren is having mental disturbance triggered by her own unconscious, and Mr. Tuttle is the crux which disturbs her consciousness. Then, the way how Lauren deals with her traumatized psyche is explicated. She dedicates herself to the body art and thereby sublimates the depressing unconscious emotions. Meanwhile, through a fantasy, Lauren enjoys the symptom which satisfies her desire for Rey’s revival. Last, the thesis interprets how Lauren sees through the emptiness of her desire for Rey. By the process of self-healing, Lauren finally completes her mourning and works through her trauma.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/6577
其他識別: U0005-2008201201242100
Appears in Collections:外國語文學系所

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