Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/65888
標題: 澎湖、金門地區造林地林下植物多樣性之研究
Study on the diversity of understory plants in the plantation of Penghu and Kinmen
作者: 張傑鈞
Chang, Chieh-Chun
關鍵字: understory plants;林下植物;diversity;Penghu;Kinmen;多樣性;澎湖;金門
出版社: 森林學系所
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摘要: 
本研究調查澎湖、金門離島地區不同造林樹種林分內之林下植物組成,並分析探討其族群結構及推估演替趨勢。結果顯示,在物種多樣性方面,其豐富度指數在二地區植物社會歧異度已達中等水準之上。澎湖研究區域之林下植物組成總計有42科79屬89種,金門則記錄有69科126屬138種植物,就調查區域而言,造林地林下植物尚屬豐富,惟以草本植物種數較佔優勢。二離島皆以禾本科、菊科及豆科等3科為組成林下植物種類前3大科。澎湖以銀合歡、三角葉西番蓮及大花咸豐草等三種植物為林下極佔優勢的植物,而金門則以馬纓丹、潺槁樹及雀梅藤最佔優勢。分析二區之林下植物多樣性並不受上層喬木之種數及株數所影響,二研究區之土壤反應互有不同,而養分如有機質、含氮量、有效磷含量皆極低,惟經過分析顯示植物組成多樣性與土壤性質並無相關。
在造林樹種中,以金門所栽植之臺灣白臘樹天然更新情況最為良好,且當地自生樹種頗多,多能自行更新;而試驗得知澎湖造林地樣區內土壤種子庫貧乏,而銀合歡純林之林下植物種數高於當地所有樣區之平均值,顯示其林下仍有多種植物伴生。現階段造林地皆已成林,惟造林地內之造林樹種能行使天然更新、生長者,仍為少數,隨著演替進行,此等造林樹種將逐漸被取代。倘若人為干擾(造林施行)不持續,推測澎湖地區將被銀合歡取代或成為草生地植相;而金門地區則演替為原生植群林相。

The study investigated the components of understory plants within varied plantation forests at the Penghu and Kinmen of offshore islands. Then population structures were analyzed and the succession trends estimated. As a result, the species diversities were mainly affected the understory species abundant in these two area. Through the abundant index approach, the plant community diversity in these two areas is over the middle level. The components of understory in the Penghu are 42 famiies, 79 genera, and 89 species. The components of understory in the Kinmen are 69 families, 126 genera, and 138 species. The herbaceous plants were the most dominant. The most understory plants family are Poaceae, Asteraceae and Leguminosae in these offshore islands. The most dominant understory plants are Passiflora suberosa L., Bidens pilosa L. var. radiata Sch., Leucaena glauca L. Benth. in Penghu. The most dominant understory plants are Lantana camera L., Litsea glutinosa (Lour.) C. B. Rob., Sageretia thea (Osbeck) M. C. Johnst. in Kinmen. The understory plants diversities between these areas were not in relation to the species and numerous of upper tree. The soil components between these two areas were different. The soil organic matter, soil nitrogen content, soil available phosphorus were in lower level. It means the plants diversities were not in relation to the soil character.
In the plantation trees, the best situation of natural regeneration is Fraxinus griffithii and the most local trees in Kinmen can self-regeneration. The soil seed bank at the plantation in Penghu is lacking but at the plantation of Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit the numbers of understory plant were over the average. It means there are many plants living. Right now the plantations are all growth up but the trees in the plantation which can natural regeneration growth are fewer. These plans will be take place by other species as the succession going. If the human effects (silviculture) are not continuing, the plantation will be take place by Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit or become grass vegetation in Penghu. Then the plantation in Kinmen will success to potential vegetation without artificially-disturbed.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/65888
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