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標題: 歷史中的眾聲喧嘩:達克特羅和後現代歷史小說
Historical Heteroglossia: E. L. Doctorow and the Postmodern Historical Novel
作者: 張簡琇如
Chien, Hsiu-Ju Chang
關鍵字: 達克特羅;E. L. Doctorow;後現代主義;歷史小說;歷史;巴赫汀;眾聲喧嘩;嘉年華;postmodernism;the historical novel;history;Bakhtin;heteroglossia;carnival
出版社: 外國語文學系所
引用: Abrams, M. H. A Glossary of Literary Terms. International Student Edition. US: Thomson, 2005. Print. Bakhtin, Mikhail. The Dialogic Imagination: Four Essays. 1981. Ed. Michael Holquist. Trans. Caryl Emerson and Michael Holquist. USA: U of TX P, 1983. Print. ---. Problems of Dostoevsky’s Poetics. Trans. and ed. Caryl Emerson. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P, 1984. Print. ---. Rabelais and His World. Trans. Helene Iswolsky. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1984. Benjamin, Walter. “Eduard Fuchs, Collector and Historian.” Trans. Edmund Jephcott. Walter Benjamin: Selected Writings. Eds. Howard Eiland and Michael W. Jennings. Vol.3.Cambridge: Belknap P of Harvard UP, 2002. 260-302. Print. Doctorow, E. L. Welcome to Hard Times. New York: Random House, 1960. Print. ---. The Book of Daniel. New York: Random House, 1971. Print. ---. Ragtime. London: Picador, 1975. Print. ---. Loon Lake. New York: Random House, 1980. Print. ---. World’s Fair. New York: Random House, 1985. Print. ---. Billy Bathgate. New York: Random House, 1989. Print. ---. The Waterworks. New York: Random House, 1994. Print. ---. City of God. New York: Plume, 2000. Print. ---. The March. New York: Random House, 2005. Print. ---. Homer & Langley. New York: Random House, 2009. Print. Douglas, Fowler. “Ragtime.” Understanding E. L. Doctorow. Columbia: U of South Carolina P, 1992. 57-84. Print. Faulkner, William. As I Lay Dying. Ed. Michael Edward. Gorra. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 2010. Print. Foley, Barbara. “From U.S.A. to Ragtime: Notes on the Forms of Historical Consciousness in Modern Fiction.” E.L. Doctorow: Essays and Conversations. Ed. Richard Trenner. Princeton, N.J.: Ontario Review P, 158-78. Print. Girgus, Sam B. “A True Radical History: E. L. Doctorow.” E.L. Doctorow. Ed. Harold Bloom. Philadelphia: Chelsea House Publishers, 2002. 7-26. Print. Harter, Carol C. and James R. Thompson. “The Life and Art of E. L. Doctorow.” E.L. Doctorow. Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1990. 1-12. Print. Holman, C. Hush. A Handbook to Literature. 8th ed. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 2000. Print. Hutcheon, Linda. A Poetics of Postmodernism: History, Theory, Fiction. New York: Routledge, 1988. Print. Jameson, Fredric. “Postmodernism and Consumer Society.” The Norton Anthology of Theory and Criticism. Ed. Vincent B. Leitch et al. New York and London: W. W. Norton & Company, 2001. 1961-74. Print. ---. Postmodernism: Or, the Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism. New York: Verso Books, 1992. Print. Levine, Paul. “Fiction and History.” E. L. Doctorow’s Ragtime. Ed. Harold Bloom. Philadelphia: Chelsea House Publishers, 2002. 31-40. Print. Lubarsky, Jared. “History and the Forms of Fiction: An Interview with E. L. Doctorow.” Conversations with E. L. Doctorow. Ed. Christopher D. Morris. Jackson: UP of Mississippi, 1999. 35-40. Print. Lukacs, Georg. The Historical Novel. Lincoln: U of Nebraska P, 1983. Print. McHale, Brian. Postmodernist Fiction. London: Metheun, 1987. Print. Millard, Kenneth. Contemporary American Fiction. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2000. Print. Morris, Christopher D. Introduction. Conversations with E. L. Doctorow. Ed. Christopher D. Morris. Jackson: UP of Mississippi, 1999. vii-xxv. Print. Parks, John G. “The Politics of Polyphony: the Fiction of E. L Doctorow.” Twentieth Century Literature: A Scholarly and Critical Journal 37.4 (1991): 454-63. MLA International Bibliography. EBSCO. Web. 26 Dec. 2011. Sanoff, Alvin P. “The Audacious Lure of Evil.” Conversations with E. L. Doctorow. Ed. Christopher D. Morris. Jackson: UP of Mississippi, 1999. 144-46. Print. Schillinger, Liesl. “A Talk with E.L.Doctorow.” Conversations with E. L. Doctorow. Ed. Christopher D. Morris. Jackson: UP of Mississippi, 1999. 107-11. Print. Tokarczyk, Michelle M. E. L. Doctorow’s Skeptical Commitment. New York: Peter Lang, 2000. Print. Williams, John. Fiction as False Document: the Reception of E. L. Doctorow in the Postmodern Age. Columbia: Camden House, 1996. Print.
達克特羅(E. L. Doctorow)是最有名的美國後現代歷史小說作家,在小說中,達克特羅使用歷史人物、虛構小說人物、物品和報紙來表達他對歷史的看法。本論文試圖使用巴赫汀的兩個基本概念,眾聲喧嘩(heteroglossia) 和嘉年華(carnival)來閱讀達克特羅的小說《拉格泰姆時代》(Ragtime)、《世界博覽會》(World’s Fair)和《荷馬和蘭利》(Homer and Langley)。然而,本論文也使用馬克思主義者和後現代主義者理論閱讀。前言概述作者背景和理論家對歷史小說的看法。此外,亦介紹本論文的架構。第一章描述《拉格泰姆時代》中討論關於二十世紀初社會經濟狀況、女性意識的崛起、心理問題的重要性和種族議題。第二章闡述《世界博覽會》中作者使用自己的家庭故事為題材表達出經濟大恐慌時,家人如何面對困境和參與世界博覽會的嘉年華活動。第三章解釋《荷馬和蘭利》中作者選擇和過去不同的題材,作者選擇物品和報紙而不是人物來表達他對一九五十年代歷史的看法。結論包含本論文的簡單摘要並提出巴赫汀的理論如何給予歷史小說新的詮釋。

E. L. Doctorow is the most famous American author of postmodern historical novels. In these novels, Doctorow uses historical figures, fictional characters, objects and newspapers to express his ideas about history. This thesis attempts to read Doctorow’s novels Ragtime, World’s Fair, and Homer and Langley using Mikhail Bakhtin’s notions of heteroglossia and carnival. However, it also considers Marxist and postmodernist readings of Doctorow’s works. Introduction briefly summarizes background of the author, theorists’ perspectives about the historical novel and my motivation of the structure of this thesis. Chapter One describes social and financial condition, the rise of female consciousness, the importance of mental problems and racial issues around the 1900s in Ragtime. Chapter Two explains the author selects family history to narrate his family how to face predicaments during the Great Depression and join the carnival activity of the World’s Fair in World’s Fair. Chapter Three illustrates the author chooses objects and newspapers rather than characters around the 1940s to express his ideas about history in Homer and Langley which are different from the previous novel. The conclusion briefly summarizes this thesis and explains how Bakhtin’s theory offers new ways of understanding the historical novel.
其他識別: U0005-0606201309564300
Appears in Collections:外國語文學系所

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