Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/65929
標題: 施肥對三種桉樹苗木水分健化期間之生理反應
Effects of fertiliztion on the physiological activity during drought hardening in seedlings of three Eucalyptus species
作者: 楊凱愉
Yang, Kai-Yu
關鍵字: Eucalyptus spp.;桉樹;Drought hardening;Fertilizer;Photosynthetic rate;Specific leaf area;乾旱健化;施肥;光合作用速率;比葉面積
出版社: 森林學系所
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摘要: 
本試驗於中興大學北溝苗圃溫室內進行桉樹乾旱健化試驗,2個月生之赤桉、檸檬桉及尾葉桉苗木採重量法分成充分供水、50%及30%三種健化程度。50%及30%水分處理達臨界重量2.2 kg及2.0 kg時,隨即充分澆水,健化處理間再分施肥及無施肥兩種施肥處裡。健化處理三個月後,淨高生長以尾葉桉30%水分及施肥處理最佳(41.5 cm),淨地徑生長則以赤桉充分供水及施肥處理下最佳(10.3 mm),三種桉樹於施肥處理下生長狀況均顯著優於無施肥處理,赤桉增加近兩倍之淨高生長及地徑生長。赤桉擁有較小之比葉面積,且在供水減少時赤桉能維持根系之分配比例。施肥下,三種桉樹之光合作用隨健化程度而增加;未施肥時,赤桉光合作用光反應曲線之趨勢不變,然檸檬桉及尾葉桉50%及30%健化處理之最大光合值則顯著下降,顯示赤桉對缺水情況下生理反應之適應力較強。三種桉樹各處理之葉片葉綠素含量均隨健化程度而增加。檸檬桉30%健化程度及無施肥處理有較高之葉片可溶性蛋白含量,推測可能增加葉片內之滲透調節物質。適度的健化加上施肥赤桉之施肥效益高,且擁有較厚之葉片及廣佈之細根等旱生結構,在缺水逆境下具備較強之適應性,有足夠之潛力作為台灣西部邊際農地的短輪伐期造林樹種。

The drought hardening experiment was located in National Chung Hsing university Pei-Gou agricultural experimental station. Two-month-old seedlings of Eucalyptus camaldulensis, E. citriodora and E. urophylla were selected for 100, 50 and 30% three soil water content. As the 50 and 30% water treatments received 50 and 30% soil water content(2.2 kg and 2.0 kg, respectively), respectively, rewater adequately until they were filled. Two fertilizer treatments which fertilizered and non-fertilizered assigned to each three water treatments. After three months hardened, 30% soil water content and fertilizered of E. urophylla seedings had shown the best net height growth (41.5 cm), and the best net diameter growth was happened in 100% soil water content and fertilizered treatment (10.3 mm). In these three species, the seedlings which were fertilizered had more better growth than those were non-fertilizered seedings, and nearly twice times net height and diameter growth were founded in E. camaldulensis. Smallest specific leaf area (SLA) which happened in E. camaldulensis seedlings,and increased the proportion of root in the drought situation. The increase photosynthetic rates by decrease water supply were similar in three species in the fertilizer treament;The direction to photosynthetic rates of E. camaldulensis were the same between fertilizered and non-fertilizered treatment,but significant declined in maximum photosynthetic rates (Amax) with decreace water supply were be found in E citriodora and E. urophylla seedlings which were in the non-fertilizered treatment. It's had shown that there were more drought tolerance in E. camaldulensis seedlings. The increases in leaf chlorophyll content (chl a+b) with decreace water supply were observed in these three species. Leaf soluble protein content was signficantly greater in 30% soil water content and non-fertilizered treatment of E. citriodora, conjectured that osmotic adjustment has occurred in this species. The xeromorphic characteristics include thick leaves and broad fine roots; superior benefit on fertilizered treatment and the better wind tolerance, E. camaldulensis shows the potential as a fast-growing tree for reforestation programs of marginal farmland in the western region of Taiwan.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/65929
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