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Effects of aluminum treatments on Cinnamomum camphora and Rhododendrom mucronatum seedlings
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本研究主要是探討鋁處理對平戶杜鵑(Rhododendron mucronatum)和樟樹(Cinnamomum camphora)苗木根分泌物和根萃取液的影響。將苗木移植到裝珍珠石之盆栽進行試驗，以蒸餾水、0.5 mM AlCl3和1 mM AlCl3進行澆灌，模擬野外土壤酸化後，重金屬被釋放出來的環境。結果顯示，根淨生長量平戶杜鵑在添加1mM鋁處理有增加的趨勢；樟樹則是蒸餾水組會高於添加鋁處理。平戶杜鵑根萃取液主要以草酸、檸檬酸及磷酸為主。樟樹則是只有草酸和磷酸。平戶杜鵑的根部植體鋁鈣比雖大於1，但仍沒根生長衰退的徵兆，可能平戶杜鵑屬於鋁累積型的植物；樟樹的根部植體鋁鈣比雖小於1且淨生長量能夠不斷增加的原因，可能是因為樟樹根部含有多量的草酸，能夠分泌與鋁螯合。本試驗中平戶杜鵑和樟樹根分泌物皆有草酸和磷酸，其中平戶杜鵑根分泌磷酸，在試驗第一天起添加0.5 mM和1 mM鋁處理與蒸餾水組就有顯著差異，其值分別為蒸餾水的10 %和12 ％；而樟樹根分泌磷酸則是在第三天起添加0.5 mM和1 mM鋁處理與蒸餾水組才有顯著減少，為蒸餾水的8％。因此在面對鋁毒害時，推測兩種植物根部除了分泌草酸之外，相較於樟樹，平戶杜鵑能夠較早分泌磷酸來和鋁螯合，藉此降低鋁對根部的傷害。
The objective of this study was to examine the effects of acid rain on root exudation and extraction of Rhododendron mucronatum and Cinnamomum camphora. We planted with seedlings in the pots with perlites and added to pour distilled water, 0.5 mM and 1 mM AlCl3. It was to simulate the heavy metal released when soil acidification. Rhododendron mucronatum and Cinnamomum camphora seedlings were choosed to compare what the response when they grew under different aluminum solution treatments. The net root growth of Rhododendron mucronatum increased in 1 mM AlCl3, but Cinnamomum camphora didn't. Rhododendron mucronatum released oxalic acid, citric acid and phosphate in the extractions. But, Cinnamomum camphora had only oxalic acid and phosphate in the extractions. Although the Al:Ca ratio in Rhododendron mucronatum was more than 1, but it still grew well. Rhododendron mucronatum may be Al-accumulattion plant. Both Rhododendron mucronatum and Cinnamomum camphora exudated oxalic acid and phosphate. Exudation of phosphate Rhododendron mucronatum's root significantly reduced in 0.5 mM and 1 mM AlCl3 in the first day (10% and 12%). Exudation of phosphate in Cinnamomum camphora's significantly reduced in 0.5 mM and 1 mM AlCl3 in the third day (8%). According to the concentration of aluminium in the solution, we concluded that Cinnamomum camphora and Rhododendron mucronatum exudated oxalic acid and phosphate to chelate aluminium by complex anion.
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