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標題: 溫度和酸雨對天然闊葉林地表層養分的影響
Effects of Temperature and Acid Rain on Nutrients of Litter and Surface Soil in Natural Hardwoods
作者: 羅玉婷
Lo, Yu-Ting
關鍵字: litter;枯枝落葉層;hardwoods;acid rain;temperature;nutrient;天然闊葉林;酸雨;養分
出版社: 森林學系所
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本試驗探討天然闊葉林枯枝落葉與地表層受到不同程度酸雨及溫度的影響下,所釋出養分的差異。試驗材料取自於蓮華池天然闊葉林的枯枝落葉層( Litter, L 層)以及地表層(A 層)。部分置於室內以冷氣調控溫度於 22 ° C ,另一部分則置於室外空氣流通有遮陰處,平均溫度為29° C,並分別噴灑pH 值 2 、 4 以及 pH 6 的人工雨水。每週噴灑一次,試驗為期三個月。酸雨對枯枝落葉層分解過程中釋放的陽離子養分含量 Ca、Mg、 K 和Na以及可溶性有機碳 (Disolved Organic Carbon, DOC)皆有顯著的影響,施灑酸雨對地表層中可置換性陽離子養分並沒有顯著影響。溫對於枯枝落葉層中 Ca以及地表層提供的 K沒有影響,亦沒有與酸雨產生交感作用。Ca、Mg 和 K 在枯枝落葉層與地表層中的養分含量有極顯著的差異。

The purposes of this study was to investigate the effects of temperature and acid rain on litter decomposition from natural hardwoods. Sample litter layer and surface soil from natural hardwoods. Control temperature by air- conditioned at 22 ℃, then were sprayed artificial acid rain, adjust the pH value caused by 2 , 4 and pH 6 . Spray once a week, spraying 200 ml of each sample and collect percolates back for analysis. Another group dealing in the same but the sample placed in air with an average temperature of shade at 29℃. The litter layer's nutrient release content of the cations Ca, Mg, K and Na were significantly impact by acid rain. The temperature has no effect for Ca in litter layer and no interaction between temperature and acid rain. Temperature and acid rain also have no traction with each other in the surface soil's K. The Ca, Mg and K content have the extremely remarkable difference in the forest litter layer and the surface soil .
其他識別: U0005-0602201215344400
Appears in Collections:森林學系

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