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dc.contributor.advisorChiung-Pin Liuen_US
dc.contributor.authorLo, Yu-Tingen_US
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dc.description.abstract本試驗探討天然闊葉林枯枝落葉與地表層受到不同程度酸雨及溫度的影響下,所釋出養分的差異。試驗材料取自於蓮華池天然闊葉林的枯枝落葉層( Litter, L 層)以及地表層(A 層)。部分置於室內以冷氣調控溫度於 22 ° C ,另一部分則置於室外空氣流通有遮陰處,平均溫度為29° C,並分別噴灑pH 值 2 、 4 以及 pH 6 的人工雨水。每週噴灑一次,試驗為期三個月。酸雨對枯枝落葉層分解過程中釋放的陽離子養分含量 Ca、Mg、 K 和Na以及可溶性有機碳 (Disolved Organic Carbon, DOC)皆有顯著的影響,施灑酸雨對地表層中可置換性陽離子養分並沒有顯著影響。溫對於枯枝落葉層中 Ca以及地表層提供的 K沒有影響,亦沒有與酸雨產生交感作用。Ca、Mg 和 K 在枯枝落葉層與地表層中的養分含量有極顯著的差異。zh_TW
dc.description.abstractThe purposes of this study was to investigate the effects of temperature and acid rain on litter decomposition from natural hardwoods. Sample litter layer and surface soil from natural hardwoods. Control temperature by air- conditioned at 22 ℃, then were sprayed artificial acid rain, adjust the pH value caused by 2 , 4 and pH 6 . Spray once a week, spraying 200 ml of each sample and collect percolates back for analysis. Another group dealing in the same but the sample placed in air with an average temperature of shade at 29℃. The litter layer's nutrient release content of the cations Ca, Mg, K and Na were significantly impact by acid rain. The temperature has no effect for Ca in litter layer and no interaction between temperature and acid rain. Temperature and acid rain also have no traction with each other in the surface soil's K. The Ca, Mg and K content have the extremely remarkable difference in the forest litter layer and the surface soil .en_US
dc.description.tableofcontents一、前言 1 二、前人研究 2 (一) 枯枝落葉層的分解作用 2 (二) 酸雨對枯枝落葉層分解的影響 3 (三) 溫度對於枯落物分解釋放養分的影響 4 三、 研究方法 7 (一)取樣區概況 7 (二) 試驗設計 7 (三) 分析測定項目及分析方法 9 (四) 數據處理以及統計分析 10 四、結果 11 (一) 質量流失 11 (二) 滲漏液中養分濃度變化趨勢 13 (三) 滲漏液中養分含量變化 23 (四) 地表層 (A layer) 陽離子置換能力 (CEC) 的變化 36 (五) 枯枝落葉層試驗前後養分含量的差異 37 五、討論 39 (一) 酸雨和溫度對枯枝落葉層養分釋出的影響 39 (二) 酸雨和溫度對地表層養分釋出的影響 41 (三)酸雨和溫度對枯枝落葉層和地表層的影響 42 六、總結 43 七、引用文獻 44 八、附錄 49zh_TW
dc.subjectacid rainen_US
dc.titleEffects of Temperature and Acid Rain on Nutrients of Litter and Surface Soil in Natural Hardwoodsen_US
dc.typeThesis and Dissertationzh_TW
item.openairetypeThesis and Dissertation-
item.fulltextno fulltext-
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