Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/66087
標題: 新化林場大葉桃花心木人工林蓄積量與碳吸存量之推估
Estimation of the Growing Stock and Carbon Sequestration of Mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla King) Plantation in Hsin-Hua Experiment Forest Station
作者: 張愷玲
Chang, Kai-Ling
關鍵字: 大葉桃花心木;Swietenia macrophylla (mahogany);生長關係函數;碳含量;地位;全林模式;生物量;碳貯存量;碳吸存量;allometric relationship;carbon content;site index;whole stand model;biomass;carbon storage;carbon sequestration
出版社: 森林學系所
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摘要: 
為達到大葉桃花心木(Swietenia macrophylla King)永續經營,收集與推估單株、林分與森林等3個層級的現況、功能與變遷是必要的,而生長收穫正是林分、單株層級量化不可或缺的資料,故本研究針對新化林場大葉桃花心木進行碳吸存量推估,分為單株層級、林分層級與森林層級,整合過去及現況調查資料,並結合5S系統(GPS、RS、GIS、PSP與SMS),配合全林模式來模擬推估,以利未來永續經營之規劃與評估。
單株層級中,以量測部位如DBH來建立生長關係函數來推估地上部(樹幹、葉、枝)與地下部(根部)碳貯存量與生物量。並比較大葉桃花心木胸高直徑(DBH)、地際直徑(DSB)及樹高(H)建立生長關係函數式時,以乘冪式的相關性較高,且解釋能力也較高。比較DBH與DSB 兩者對鮮重的相關性時,以DBH相關性較高。若加入H因子則能提高相關性,但實際上野外資料中,H資料在獲取上較為不易,因此在模式選擇上,選擇單一因子-DBH就能足以表示生物量情形。而碳含量情形結果顯示在不同部位的碳含量會不同,樹幹木材(45.83±0.92%) > 根部(45.09±0.89%) > 葉子(44.95±1.21%) > 枝條(43.74±1.09%) > 樹幹樹皮(42.64±0.89%)。
林分層級中,各個大葉桃花心木純林樣區,在不同時期以Weibull機率密度函數描述其林分結構之情形,發現其b值,會隨著林齡增加而增大之趨勢,而c值受到林齡、地位、林分密度等重要變因影響,在不同樣區中,1.1 ha 、T1、T2、T3、T11、T13、T15、T32、 E與F其樣區林分直徑分佈都呈現正偏歪(左偏)分佈,而T27、T28與G此3個樣區則呈現負偏歪(右偏)分佈。以1.1 ha 樣區長期調查資料中,樣區前10%優勢木資料與林齡建立地位指數圖形,並以此地位曲線圖查核新化林場大葉桃花心木純林之地位情形,發現其地位介於16-28之間。全林模式係以生物量(Bio)與林分地位(Si)、林分密度(Den)及林分年齡(Age)3因子,建立冪次式(Bio=a+Sib+Denc+Aged)與線性式(Bio=a+b×Si+c×Den+d×Age)的關係式,來推估新花林場大葉桃花心木純林生物量情形,而結果顯示,冪次式與線性式解釋能力相近,冪次式其調整後判定係數(Radj2值)可以達到0.9369,參數a =-35.0257、b= 1.0332、c=1.1708、d= 1.3478,而以F檢定模式的配適度,結果發現達到顯著性。
森林層級中,以林分地位圖層、林分密度圖層及林分林齡圖層3因子,配合全林模式來推估新化林場大葉桃花心木純林不同時期生物量、碳貯存量、碳吸存量、CO2貯存量與CO2吸存量之情形;林分地位圖層係以坡度圖層所推估,林分密度則以林分林齡所推估。推估新化林場39.15 ha大葉桃花心木於2008年、2009年、2010年、2011年與2015年,這5年的情形,結果顯示,生物量分別為7694.88 ton、8149.44 ton、8610.72 ton、9082.72 ton與11056.64 ton;碳貯存量則為3613.52 ton、3826.98 ton、4043.59 ton、4265.17 ton與5192.20 ton;CO2貯存量則為13249.56 ton、14032.25 ton、14826.51 ton、15638.96 ton與19038.06 ton,平均每年碳吸存量約為5.64 ton ha-1,CO2吸存量20.69 ton ha-1。

It was necessary to collect and estimate the status, functions and changes of Mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla King) in different levels (individual tree, stand and forest) in order to sustainable manage this species. Moreover, the growth and yield in tree and stand levels were very important information for managers. The aim of this study is to estimating the carbon sequestration of Mahogany in Hsin-Hua Experimental Forest Station. The 5S spatial techniques and data were integrated, including global position system (GPS), remote sensing (RS), geographic information system (GIS), permanent sample plot (PSP), and simulate modeling system (SMS) in this study to calculate and estimate the carbon sequestration.
In tree level, the carbon storage and biomass of belowground (root) and aboveground (stem wood, stem bark, branch and foliage) were estimated. The DBH, DSB and tree height variables were applied to develop the allometric functions. The results showed that the coefficients of correlation of power regression function is higher than other functions in model developing. Althogh the two variable function (DBH and tree height) was the most suitable, the data of tree height are difficult to get in field survey. The percentage of carbon content in each part of Mahogany is as followings: stem wood (45.83±0.92%), root (45.09±0.89%), foliage (44.95±1.21%), branch (43.74±1.09%) and stem bark (42.64±0.89%).
In stand level, the parameter b and c of Weibull probability density function were applied to describe the stand structure in distinct periods. The value of parameter b could change through the age. The stand structure was skewed positively in plots of 1.1 ha, T1, T2, T3, T11, T13, T15, T32, E and F. However, the structure was skewed negatively in T27, T28 and G plots. The site index model was established with the height of dominant tree (forward 10%) and age in the 1.1 ha plot and the ranger of site index model was between 16 and 28. The whole stand model was developed with the biomass and three factors (site index, density and age). The power (Bio=a+Sib+Denc+Aged) and linear (Bio=a+b×Si+c×Den+d×Age) function were also developed in the study to estimate the Mahogany biomass in this area. The predictive capacity of power and linear regression function was similar. The whole stand function is “Bio =-35.0257+SI1.0332+Den1.1708+Age1.3478”and the Radj2 was 0.9369.
In forest level, the stand map of site index, density, and age were combined with the whole stand model to estimate the biomass, carbon storage, carbon sequestration, CO2 storage and CO2 sequestration of pure Mahogany forest (39.15 ha) in Hsin-Hua Experimental Forest Station. The site index map and density map were made by slope map and stand age, respectively. The quantity of pure Mahogany forest was estimated in five periods (2008, 2009, 2010, 2011 and 2015). The results showed that the biomass was 7694.88 ton, 8149.44 ton, 8610.72 ton, 9082.72 ton and 11056.64 ton, respectively. The carbon storage was 3613.52 ton, 3826.98 ton, 4043.59 ton, 4265.17 ton and 5192.20 ton, respectively. The CO2 storage was 3249.56 ton, 14032.25 ton, 14826.51 ton, 15638.96 ton and 19038.06 ton, respectively. Furthermore, the average of carbon sequestration was 5.64 ton ha-1 per year and the average of CO2 was 20.69 ton ha-1.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/66087
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