Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/66091
標題: 塗料之合成及其在木竹材塗裝上之應用
Synthesis of Coatings and Their Applications to Finishing of Wood and Bamboo
作者: 王張光
Wang, Chang-Kuang
關鍵字: Amino alkyd resin coating;胺基醇酸樹脂塗料;unsaturated polyester coating;不飽和聚酯塗料;聚胺基甲酸酯塗料前處理
出版社: 森林學系
摘要: 
本研究自行合成三種木材塗裝常用之塗料,胺基醇酸樹脂塗料、不飽和聚
酯塗料和聚胺基甲酸酯塗料,除塗裝於木材及測定其性質外,並針對竹材
所特有之材面多變性,試尋較佳之竹材前處理和適當的塗裝方法,以達最
佳的塗裝效果,即將合成之塗料實際應用於竹材塗裝,測定其塗膜性質,
其後觀察評估竹材前處理及塗裝方法對塗裝工程和效果之影響。 由試
驗結果得知,自行合成之三種塗料中,不飽和聚酯塗料和聚胺基甲酸酯塗
料之各項塗膜性質尚佳。不飽和聚酯塗料以紫外線照射方法硬化者和聚胺
基甲酸酯塗料提高其NCO/OH+COOH混合比例時,皆可提高其硬化塗膜之硬
度及耐沸水性。竹材之前處理中,砂磨處理對其光澤度有所影響。填充處
理時以10%固形量之合成樹脂混合黃土粉和滑石粉為填充劑之效果較佳。
著色處理以塗膜著色方法之效果較佳,可得色調均一之材面。 本試驗
所採用之三種塗料用於竹材塗裝時,所得塗裝外觀及效果均優良且皆具有
鏡面塗裝之效果;然胺基醇酸樹脂塗料之塗膜會受其塗裝基材不同部位本
身硬度之差異而有所差別。不同砂磨處理程度之材面經塗裝處理後,其光
澤度均無明顯之差異,又不同部位及性質之竹材表面經塗裝處理後,可將
其光澤度之差異程度降至最低,但基材之色澤對光澤度仍有所影響。填充
處理後之竹材塗裝,可得良好之塗裝品質及效果。

Amino alkyd resin coating, unsaturated polyester coating, and
polyurethane coating, used often in wood finishing, were
synthesized and applied to wood finishing to be tested to
understand their properties. In order to find out better
pretreatments of bamboo board and appropriate finishing method
for bamboo board to reach the best finishing result, due to its
variety of bamboo board, these three coatings were practically
applied to finishing of bamboo board and tested to know the
properties of their coatimg films. At the same time, the
influences of pretreatments of bamboo board and finishing
method on finishing of bamboo board would be observed and
evaluated. All the results are summarized as follows: among
three wood coatings applied to finishing of bamboo board, most
of the properties of the unsaturated polyester coating film and
the polyurethane coating film are good. The properties,
hardness and boiling water resistance, of the unsaturated
polyester coating film can be improved by UV curing, so can be
of the polyurethane coating film by increasing NCO/OH+COOH
molar ratio. Sanding indeed influences the gloss of bamboo
board. Filling by using 10% solid content of resin coating and
fillers can provide a better result. In colouring, a well-
distributed tinge in bamboo board's surface can be obtained by
using coating-film colouring. All three coatings used for
finishing of bamboo board have good appearance and mirror-like
finishing. The hardness of different positions in bamboo board
after finishing with amino alkyd resin coating,affects the
hardness of the film. Bamboo board with different sanding
pretreatments have shown no difference in gloss after
finishing, and the variation in gloss between different
positions of bamboo board can also be reduced to the minimum.
But the tone in different finishing substrates still influences
gloss after finishing. Bamboo board with adequate filling can
have excellent quality of finishing.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/66091
Appears in Collections:森林學系

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