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標題: 台灣中部天然闊葉林細根、枯落物及枯落物層之動態研究
Fine root, Litterfall and Litter Layer Dynamics of Natural Hardwoods in Central Taiwan
作者: 黃筱茜
Huang, Siao-Cian
關鍵字: 細根;fine root;枯落物;枯枝落葉層;分解常數;置換速率;Litterfall;litter layer;decomposition constant;fine root turnover
出版社: 森林學系所
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本試驗從2011年6月至2012年5月,於台灣中部南投地區 (北東眼山、惠蓀林場及蓮華池) 不同海拔天然闊葉林進行細根生物量、枯落物及枯落物層之動態調查。細根年平均生物量以惠蓀林場最高 (2.02 Mg ha-1),其次是蓮華池 (1.81 Mg ha-1),最低則是北東眼山 (1.52 Mg ha-1)。細根置換速率以惠蓀林場最高 (0.91 y-1),其次為蓮華池 (0.76 y-1),最低為北東眼山 (0.68 y-1)。2010年總枯落物量於3試驗地分別為6.34、12.22及9.62 Mg ha-1 yr-1,2011年則各別為5.23、6.43及10.15 Mg ha-1 yr-1,有明顯隨海拔增加,枯落物量有減少之趨勢。2010年及2011年枯枝落葉層現存量,皆以惠蓀林場最高 (14.07及14.00 Mg ha-1)。2010年北東眼山、惠蓀林場及蓮華池天然闊葉林分解常數 (K) 各別為0.73、0.87及1.09,2011年則為0.50、0.46及0.96,分解速率有下降的情況。本試驗結果顯示,雖然枯落物量符合海拔的趨勢改變,但惠蓀林場現存量相對較高,細根產量增加,置換速率提高,細根分解時間減少,將使得生態系養分循環加速。

The purpose of this study was to investigate fine root biomass, litterfall and litter layer of three natural hardwoods, Mt. Peitungyen, Hui-sun experiment forest and Lienhauchi in central Taiwan from June 2011 to May 2012. Fine root biomass was the highest in Hui-sun experiment forest (2.02 Mg ha-1), following in Lienhauchi (1.81 Mg ha-1) and the lowest in Mt. Peitungyen (1.52 Mg ha-1). Fine root turnover rate was the highest in Hui-sun experiment forest (0.91 y-1), and the lowest in Mt. Peitungyen (0.68 y-1). In 2010, annual litterfall mass in Mt. Peitungyen, Hui-sun experiment forest and Lienhauchi were 6.34, 12.22 and 9.62 Mg ha-1 yr-1, respectively, increased with decreased elevation and were 5.23, 6.43 and 10.15 Mg ha-1 yr-1, respectively in 2011. Litter was the highest in Hui-sun experiment forest (14.07 and 14.00 Mg ha-1, respectively in 2010 and 2011). Decomposition constant increased (0.73, 0.87 and 1.09, respectively) with decreased elevation in 2010, but decomposition constant was 0.50, 0.46 and 0.96 in 2011, indicating decomposition rate decreased in 2011. Results showed that annual litterfall mass increased with decreased elevation, but litter layer was on the contrary. Increased fine root production and biomass resulted in fine root turnover increased, accelerated nutrient cycling in Hui-sun experiment forest.
其他識別: U0005-0808201211071100
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