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標題: 論愛滋在東尼‧庫許納《美國天使》作為轉變的途徑
AIDS as a Path to Transformation in Tony Kushner''s Angels in America
作者: 吳宜珊
Wu, Yi-shan
關鍵字: 愛滋;AIDS;死亡;改變;death;change
出版社: 外國語文學系所
引用: “About the Play.” Angels in America: A Gay Fantasia on National Themes. New York: Theater Communications Group, 1995. Print. Altman, Lawrence. “Focusing on Prevention in Fight against AIDS.” New York Times. 31 Aug. 1999: F5. Print. Barnett, Claudia. “AIDS = Purgatory: Prior Walter''s Prophecy and Angels in America.” Modern Drama 53.4 (2010): 471-94. Print. Barnet, Robert. “A Catholic Doctor Looks at AIDS in the U.S.A.” America. 6 Feb. 1993: 6-12. Print. Benjamin, Walter. “Thesis on the Philosophy of History.” Illuminations. Ed.Hannah Arendt, Trans. Harry Zohn. New York: Schocken, 1969. 253-264. Print. Blanchard, Bob. “Playwright of Pain and Hope.” Progressive Magazine. Oct. 1994. Print. Borreca, Art. ‘‘‘Drmaturing’s the Dialetic: Brecht, Benjamin, and Declan Donnellan’s Production’s of Angels in America.” Geis and Kruger 245-260. Print. Brask, Per ed. Essays on Kushner’s Angels. Winniping, MB: Blizzard, 1995. Print. Byttebier, Stephaine. ‘‘‘It Doesn’t Count if It’s Easy’: Facing Pain, Mediating Identity in Tony Kushner’s Angels in America.” Modern Drama 54.3 (2011): 287-309. Print. Cadden, Michael. “Strange Angel: The Pinklisting of Roy Cohn.” Geis and Kruger, 78-89. Print. Cohen, Peter F. “Strange Bedfellows: Writing Love and Politics in Angels in America and The Normal Heart.” Journal of Medical Humanities 19.2-3 (1998): 197-219. Print. Cohen, Rabbi Norman J. “Wresting with Angels.” Vorlicky 217-30. Print. Cunningham, Michael. “Thinking about Fabulousness.” Vorlicky 62-76. Print. Fisher, James ed. Tony Kushner: New Essays on the Art and Politics of the Plays. Jefferson, North California: McFarland & Company, 2006. Print. ---. “From Tolerance to Liberation: Gay Drama in the Mainstream from Torch Song Trilogy and The Normal Heart to Angels in America, Love! Valour! Compassion! and Take Me Out.” We Will 7-31. Print. ---.“Introduction.” We Will 1-6. Print. ---. “Preface.” Tony Kushner 1-4. Print. ---. “‘The Angels of Fructification’: Tennessee Williams, Tony Kushner, and Images of Homosexuality on the American Stage.” Tony Kushner 5-27. Print. ---. We Will Be Citizens: New Essays on Gay and Lesbian Theatre. Jefferson, North California: McFarland & Company, 2008. Print. Fujita, Atsushi. “Queer Politics to Fabulous Politics in Angels in America: Pinklisting and Forgiving Roy Cohn.” Fisher 112-116. Print. Geis, Deborah R., and Steven Kruger, eds. Approach the Millennium: Essays on Angels in America. Ann Arbor: Michael UP, 1997. Print. Goldstein, Richard. “Angels in a Changed America.” Village Voice. 25 Nov. 2003. Web.30 July 2012. <> Jardine, Alice. “Flash Back, Flash Forward: The Fifties, the Nineties, and the Transformed Politics of Remote Control.” Marjorie Garber and Rebecca L 107-123. Print. Jones, Adam Mars. “Tony Kushner at the Royal National Theatre of Great Britain.” Vorlicky 18-29. Print. King, Emily. “The Overlooked Jewish Identity of Roy Cohn in Kushner''s Angels in America: American Schmucko.” Studies in American Jewish Literature 27 (2008): 87-100. Print. Kolin, Philp C and Colby H. Kullman, eds. Speaking On Stage: Interviews with Contemporary American Playwrights. Alabama: Alabama UP, 1996. Print. Kramer, Larry. The Normal Heart and the Destiny of Me. New York: Grove Press, 2000. Print. K&uuml;bler-Ross, Elisabeth. On Death and Dying. London: Routledge, 1995. Print Kushner, Tony. “Afterword.” Angels in America: A Gay Fantasia on National Themes. New York: Theater Communications Group, 1995. Print. ---. Angels in America: A Gay Fantasia on National Themes. New York: Theater Communications Group, 1995. Print. ---. “Tony Kushner Speaks Out.” Interview with Patrick Pacheco. Brask 13-26. Print. Kruger, Steven F. “Identity and Conversion in Angels in America.” Geis and Kruger 151-169. Print. Marjorie Garber and Rebecca L. Walkowitz, eds. Secret Agents: The Rosenberg Case, McCarthyism, and Fifties America. New York: Routledge, 1995. Print. Miller, James. “Heavenquake: Queer Anagogies in Kushner’s America.” Geis and Kruger 56-77. Print. Minwalla, Framji. “When Girls Collide: Considering Race in Angels in America.” Geis and Kruger 103-117. Print. N. Rom William, and Steven B. Markowitz, eds. Environmental and Occupational Medicine. 4th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2007. Print. Pearl, Monica B. “Epic AIDS: Angels in America from Stage to Screen.” Textual Practice 21.4 (2007): 761-769. Print. Pederson, Joshua. “‘More Life’ and More: Harold Bloom, the J Writer, and the Archaic Judaism of Tony Kushner’s Angels in America.” Contemporary Literature 50.3 (2009): 576-598. Print. Savran, David. “Ambivalence, Utopia, and a Queer Sort of Materialism: How Angels in America Reconstructs the Nation.” Geis and Kruger 13-39. Print. ---. “Tony Kushner.” Kolin 291-313. Print. Schindler, Amy. “Angels and the AIDS Epidemic: The Resurgent Popularity of Angel Imagery in the United States of America.” Journal of American Culture 22.3 (1999): 49-61. Print. Sepkowitz, Kent A. “AIDS — The First 20 Years.” The New England Journal of Medicine 344.23 (2001): 1764-72. Print. Shet,Anita, et al. “Human Immunodeficiency Virus in the Workplace.” N. Rom and Markowitz 745. Print. Soloman, Alisa. “Wrestling with Angels: A Jewish Fantasia.” Geis and Kruger 118-133. Print Sontag, Susan. AIDS and It’s Metaphors. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1989. Print. Szentgyorgyi, Tom. “Look Back─and Forward─in Anger.” Vorlicky 11-17. Print. Templeton, Joan. “Kenneth Bernard.” Kolin 239-249. Print. Thomson, Peter and Glendyr Sacks, eds. The Cambridge Companion to Brecht. 2nd ed. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006. Print. Vorlicky, Robert, ed. Tony Kushner in Conversation. Ann Arbor: U of Michael P, 1998. ---. “Introduction ‘Two and One’.” Tony Kushner 1-10. Print. Weber, Carl. “I Always Go Back to Brecht.” Vorlicky 105-124. Print.
本論文可分為三大章節,導論提供了作者生平,及《美國天使》的相關背景,包含了故事情節、劇評對該劇的分析、研究背景及本論文的架構和主題。第一章是引用伊麗莎白.庫伯勒.羅斯的模型《哀傷的五個階段》來探討劇中的兩位愛滋患者(普萊爾‧華特和羅伊‧康) 對愛滋作為一種考驗的反應。第二章著重於三位角色 (路易斯‧艾倫森,喬‧皮特和哈玻‧皮特) 在愛滋產生的連鎖反應中所產生心靈上的鬥爭。第三章藉著兩位角色 (貝里茲和漢娜‧皮特) 對於他者 (普萊爾‧華特和羅伊‧康)在愛滋的影響下所達成的和解及體諒,彰顯人道精神的重要性。在結論裡介紹了其他的探討愛滋的戲劇及討論賴瑞‧克拉瑪的作品《正常的心》中對愛滋產生的影響採取的態度和呈現方式。本論文藉著探討愛滋在《美國天使》造成的影響來說明愛滋並非完全造成負面的影響及庫許納對於未來治癒愛滋抱持著樂觀的態度。

Tony Kushner’s Angels in America is one of the most important gay dramas since AIDS was confirmed officially in 1980s. This play includes many serious issues such as race, culture, religion and ideology in America. The threat of AIDS creates a chance for the characters to face real selves and leads to the transformation in their lives. Through analyzing the conversion of each character in the journey of change, I attempt to discuss the role of AIDS in Angels leads to progression or destruction.
Besides Introduction and Conclusion, this thesis is composed of three chapters.In Introduction, it provides the biography of the author and background information of Angels which includes the plot summary, the related critical essays, research background and the theoretic framework and my concerns of the play. In Chapter One, I discuss the different responses of two patients (Prior Walter and Roy Cohn) when they encounter the test of AIDS by utilizing Elisabeth Kübler-Ross model (“The Five Stages of Grief”). Chapter Two focuses on the mental conflicts of three characters (Louis Ironson, Joe Pitt and Harper Pitt) under the chain reaction of AIDS. Chapter Three refers the importance of humanity while the two characters (Belize and Hannah Pitt) achieve reconciliation and consideration to the otherness (Roy Cohn and Prior Walter) in the influence of AIDS. In my conclusion, I refer some AIDS plays and discuss the different presentation of Larry Kramer’s The Normal Heart to express Kushner’s point of view about the influence of AIDS. This thesis discusses the effects of AIDS which shows that it does not represent destruction completely and Kushner’s optimistic position in Angels.
其他識別: U0005-0301201307031700
Appears in Collections:外國語文學系所

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