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標題: 柳杉樹皮乙醇萃取物抑制雜草生長機制之研究
Study on Weed Growth Inhibition Mechanisms of Ethanolic Extracts from Cryptomeria japonica Bark
作者: 洪晨書
Hung, Cheng-Shu
關鍵字: 柳杉抽出物;C. japonica extracts;相剋作用;抗氧化酵素;雜草管理;生長抑制;Allelopathy;Antioxidant enzyme;Weed control;Growth surpression
出版社: 森林學系所
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Plants could produce some chemicals to influence other plants’ growth are known as plant allelopathy. Those effect can be applied for weed removal. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the C. japonica bark 70% ethanol extract on weed seed germination and growth inhibition. Analysis of composition, screening and assessment of the components for the weed inhibitory activity, were conducted antioxidant enzymes by Bidens pilosa seeds by treatment of C. japonica bark ethanolic extractives acids and similar structure compounds were examined. Screening and confirmation of bark extracts and its subfractions on seed germination inhibition and growth suppression on B. pilosa, A. thaliana, L. multiflorum and F. arundinacea are conducted. Reveal that weed germination and growth inhibition results acidic and phenolic fraction of C. japonica bark 70% ethanol extract fraction owns good effect on inhibition effect.
Results of GC-MS analysis the major components of the acidic fraction was identified mainly as protocatechuic acid, p-hydroxybenzoic acid, vanillic acid, methyl vanillate, catechol and ethyl 4-ethoxybenzoate. The phenolic fraction was identified as pimaric acid, isopimaric acid, protocatechuic acid, p-hydroxybenzoic acid and 3-hydroxy-1,3,5(10)-estratriene-6,17-dione, etc.
B. pilosa growth test showed these acidic components had an inhibition effect. The radicle growth inhibition of methyl vanillate, salicylic acid and ethyl 4-ethoxybenzoate exhibit more than 50% inhibition at the concentration of 100 ppm, the IC50 was 39 ppm, 53ppm and 79 ppm respectively. The plumule growth inhibition by salicylic acid, pyromucic acid and thymol also showed high surpession, the IC50 was 129 ppm, 167 ppm and 172 ppm, respectively. Treatment of B. pilosa seed with these compounds ethyl 4-ethoxybenzoate, p-hydroxybenzoic acid, protocatechuic acid, methyl vanillate and catechol and antioxidant enzyme induced were extracted. Assayed antioxidant activity of APX, GR, CAT and POD were marked enhanced, treatment of these compounds significant oxidative stress formed and resulting in B. pilosa radicle and plumule growth suppression.
The results revealed that component of 70% ethanolic extracts from C. japonica bark can be used for possibility weed control utilization.

植物會為了生存或控制族群而產生化學成分去影響其他植物生長與發展,稱為植物相剋作用,可應用此作用作為清除或管理雜草的方法。本研究的目的為評估柳杉(Cryptomeria japonica)樹皮的 70% 乙醇抽出物對雜草種子的發芽及生長抑制性,並分析其組成、篩選並評估各成分對於雜草之抑制活性。再以柳杉70%乙醇萃取物酸性部中對種子發芽及生長具較高抑制之各化合物對於大花咸豐草(Bidens pilosa L. var. radiata)進行生長抑制評估,並測定萃取物中主要成分對植株抗氧化酵素活性及氧化壓力間的相關關係之影響。
萃取物經篩選試驗,液-液分離萃取後分成幾個次分離部進行發芽及生長抑制評估,結果顯示對大花咸豐草、阿拉伯芥(Arabidopsis thaliana)、義大利黑麥草(Lolium multiflorum)和高狐草(Festuca arundinacea)的生長有不同的抑制性質,從各種雜草之發芽及生長抑制試驗結果,可發現柳杉70%乙醇萃取物各分離部之抑制效果以酸性部之效果最佳,酚性部次之。
經GC-MC分析後發現,酸性部之主要成分為原兒茶酸(Protocatechuic acid)、對羥基苯甲酸(p-Hydroxybenzoic acid)、香草酸(Vanillic acid)、香草酸甲酯(Methyl vanillate)、兒茶酚(Catechol)及對乙氧基苯甲酸乙酯(Ethyl 4-ethoxybenzoate)等成分。而酚性部之主要成分為海松酸(Pimaric acid)、異海松酸(Isopimaric acid)3-Hydroxy-1,3,5(10)-estratriene-6,17-dione、原兒茶酸(Protocatechuic acid)及對羥基苯甲酸(p-Hydroxybenzoic acid)等成分。
而在以酸性部之主要成分化合物香草酸(Vanillic acid)、對乙氧基苯甲酸乙酯(Ethyl-4 ethoxybenzoate)、原兒茶酸(Protocatechuic acid)、對羥基苯甲酸(p-Hydroxybenzoic acid)、香草酸甲酯(Methyl vanillate)、兒茶酚(Catechol)及二呋喃甲酸(Pyromucic acid)及具類似構造的化合物水楊酸(Salicylic acid)、對異丙苯甲酸(4-Isopropylbenzoic acid)、麝香草酚(Thymol)、鄰苯二甲酸(Phthalic acid)和對羥基苯乙酸(4-Hydroxyphenylacetic acid)進行以大花咸豐草為抑制對象進行之生長抑制試驗評估中,對於胚根之抑制發現以香草酸甲酯、水楊酸及對乙氧基苯甲酸乙酯具有較高的抑制能力,在100 ppm的濃度下,皆有50%以上的生長抑制,其IC50值分別為39 ppm、53 ppm及79 ppm。而對胚軸之抑制,則是以水楊酸、二呋喃甲酸及麝香草酚具有較好的抑制效果,其IC50值分別為129 ppm、167 ppm及172 ppm。由超氧離子定位試驗確認其對大花咸豐草植株會產生大量氧化壓力,使得植株受到影響。於是,對於這類化合物處理之植株進行抗氧化酵素的抽取與活性測定,發現以在低濃度添加化合物對乙氧基苯甲酸乙酯、對羥基苯甲酸、原兒茶酸、香草酸甲酯和兒茶酚處理後,對大花咸豐草植株之抗氧化酵素中抗壞血酸過氧化酵素、穀胱甘肽還原酵素、過氧化氫酵素及過氧化酵素之活性皆有明顯上升,但在高濃度添加下,活性卻會因植株遭到破壞的情形加劇而下降。經由上述結果,確認柳杉70%乙醇抽出物酸性部之主要成分會使大花咸豐草植株有明顯的氧化壓力形成,而對於其胚根的生長達到抑制效果,細胞被破壞甚至死亡。以達到天然殺草劑的功效。從酵素活性與胚根之生長抑制的結果中可以發現具有相關性,柳杉樹皮 70 %乙醇抽出物的酸性部對於大花咸豐草植株之胚根具有抑制活性,可作為植物相剋作用的開發之參考利用。
其他識別: U0005-2308201217574900
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