Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/66612
DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorWang, C.M.en_US
dc.contributor.author邱繡河zh_TW
dc.contributor.authorShyu, C.L.en_US
dc.contributor.authorHo, S.P.en_US
dc.contributor.authorChiou, S.H.en_US
dc.contributor.author何素鵬zh_TW
dc.date2007zh_TW
dc.date.accessioned2014-06-11T05:46:47Z-
dc.date.available2014-06-11T05:46:47Z-
dc.identifier.issn0095-3628zh_TW
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11455/66612-
dc.description.abstractThis study investigated the species diversity and substrate utilization patterns of culturable thermophilic bacterial communities in hot aerobic poultry and cattle manure composts by coupling 16S rDNA analysis with Biolog data. Based on the phylogenetic relationships of 16S rDNA sequences, 34 thermophilic (grown at 60 degrees C bacteria isolated during aerobic composting of poultry manure and cattle manure were classified as Bacillus licheniformis, B. atrophaeus, Geobacillus stearothermophilus, G. thermodenitrificans, Brevibacillus thermoruber, Ureibacillus terrenus, U. thermosphaericus, and Paenibacillus cookii. In this study, B. atrophaeus, Br. thermoruber, and P. cookii were recorded for the first time in hot compost. Physiological profiles of these bacteria, obtained from the Biolog Gram-positive (GP) microplate system, were subjected to principal component analysis (PCA). All isolates were categorized into eight different PCA groups based on their substrate utilization patterns. The bacterial community from poultry manure compost comprised more divergent species (21 isolates, seven species) and utilized more diverse substrates (eight PCA groups) than that from cattle manure compost (13 isolates, five species, and four PCA groups). Many thermophilic bacteria isolated in this study could use a variety of carboxylic acids. Isolate B110 (from poultry manure compost), which is 97.6% similar to U. terrenus in its 16S rDNA sequence, possesses particularly high activity in utilizing a broad spectrum of substrates. This isolate may have potential applications in industry.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USzh_TW
dc.relationMicrobial Ecologyen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesMicrobial Ecology, Volume 54, Issue 1, Page(s) 1-9.en_US
dc.relation.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00248-006-9139-4en_US
dc.subjectcomplete genome sequenceen_US
dc.subjectgram-positive bacteriaen_US
dc.subjectbacillus-subtilisen_US
dc.subjectgene-expressionen_US
dc.subjectrapid methoden_US
dc.subjectsolid-wasteen_US
dc.subjectsp-noven_US
dc.subjectdnaen_US
dc.subjectstearothermophilusen_US
dc.subjectidentificationen_US
dc.titleSpecies diversity and substrate utilization patterns of thermophilic bacterial communities in hot aerobic poultry and cattle manure compostsen_US
dc.typeJournal Articlezh_TW
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s00248-006-9139-4zh_TW
item.cerifentitytypePublications-
item.grantfulltextnone-
item.languageiso639-1en_US-
item.fulltextno fulltext-
item.openairecristypehttp://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_18cf-
item.openairetypeJournal Article-
Appears in Collections:微生物暨公共衛生學研究所
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