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標題: Phylogenetic analysis of parvoviruses isolated in Taiwan from ducks and geese
作者: Chang, P.C.
Shien, J.H.
Wang, M.S.
Shieh, H.K.
關鍵字: goose parvovirus
Project: Avian Pathology
期刊/報告no:: Avian Pathology, Volume 29, Issue 1, Page(s) 45-49.
Two major outbreaks of parvovirus infection occurred in domestic waterfowls in Taiwan in the last two decades; the first was in 1982 and the second in 1989/1990. Parvoviruses isolated in the two outbreaks were sequenced between nucleotides 142 and 680 of the VP3 gene. Sequence comparisons reveal that these viruses could be divided into two groups respectively related to goose parvovirus (GPV) and Muscovy duck parvovirus (MDPV). Nucleotide differences between "GPV" and "MDPV" groups range from 16.2% to 19.4%. In comparison, the differences within the "GPV" group are only 0-6.5%, while those within the "MDPV" group are only 0.2-1.7%. Phylogenetic analysis reveals that parvoviruses isolated in the 1982 outbreak in Taiwan are all GPV-related, whereas those isolated in the 1989/1990 outbreak are all MDPV-related. GPV-related isolates from Taiwan were separated into two groups, Thai group and European group. In comparison, all MDPV-related isolates from Taiwan are clustered in a single group that is closely related to a French MDPV isolate. The MDPV-related infection in Taiwan occurred at almost the same time in 1989 as the MDPV outbreak in France. The close phylogenetic relationship between the "MDPV" Taiwanese isolates and the French MDPV isolate exhibited on the VP3 fragment investigated suggests that they should be compared more deeply, to look for a possible common origin. The MDPV-related 1985 isolate might be a candidate.
ISSN: 0307-9457
Appears in Collections:微生物暨公共衛生學研究所

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