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|標題:||Engulfed pathogen-induced apoptosis in haemocytes of giant freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii||作者:||Hsu, J.P.
|關鍵字:||apoptosis;haemocytes;in vitro;Macrobrachium rosenbergii;pathogens;phagocytosis;penaeus-monodon;cell-death;necrosis;crustaceans;infection;mortality;immunity;system;virus||Project:||Journal of Fish Diseases||期刊/報告no：:||Journal of Fish Diseases, Volume 28, Issue 12, Page(s) 729-735.||摘要:||
Haemocytes of the giant freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii, were investigated for the induction of apoptosis after phagocytosis of pathogenic yeasts, bacteria and non-pathogenic latex beads in vitro. Isolated haemocytes of M. rosenbergii were cultured at a ratio of 1:50 haemocytes to pathogen with the yeast Debaryomyces hansenii, the bacteria Aeromonas hydrophila or Enterococcus faecium, or with latex beads at 25 degrees C for 2 h, followed by washing to remove free particles. At least 200 haemocytes were counted to determine the phagocytosis rate, and the results showed that haemocytes engulfed latex beads at a higher rate than the aquatic pathogens. By transmission electron microscopy, the yeast- or bacterium-engulfing haemocytes displayed morphological changes characteristic of apoptosis, including formation of cytoplasmic vacuoles, chromatin condensation and fragmentation of nuclei. This pathogen-induced apoptosis was further confirmed by DNA laddering and TUNEL (terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated deoxy-UTP nick-end-labelling) assays. Neither haemocytes treated with latex beads nor uninfected haemocytes (control group) showed signs of apoptosis after 48 h in culture.
|Appears in Collections:||微生物暨公共衛生學研究所|
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