Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/66704
標題: The comparison of spatial variation and risk factors between mosquito-borne and tick-borne diseases: Seroepidemiology of Ehrlichia canis, Anaplasma species, and Dirofilaria immitis in dogs
作者: Yuasa, Yumi
Hsu, Tien-Huan
Chou, Chi-Chung
Huang, Chia-Cheng
Huang, Wen-Cheng
Chang, Chao-Chin
關鍵字: Ehrlichia canis;Anaplasma sp.;Dirofilaria immitis;Seroepidemiology;Dog
Project: Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Volume 35, Issue 6, Page(s) 599–606.
摘要: 
Canine ehrlichiosis/anaplasmosis and heartworm diseases are vector-borne and zoonotic
infections. To compare epidemiology of these vector-borne diseases, a community-based
study was conducted to determine the seroprevalence and risk factors of Ehrlichia canis,
Anaplasma sp. and Dirofilaria immitis infections among healthy pet dogs. Prevalence distribution
patterns were geographically contrasting between tick-borne E. canis/Anaplasma
sp. infections and mosquito-borne D. immitis infection. Although highly enzootic communities
of ehrlichiosis/anaplasmosis scattered in mountainous environment at elevations
between 100 m and 1000 m, those of heartworm disease mainly distributed in urbanized
plains. After multiple logistic regression analysis, it further showed that older age
group and outdoor housing were associated with higher risk of heartworm infection; being
male and having tick infestation associated with higher risk of E. canis infection whereas
being male and free-roaming associated with higher risk of Anaplasma infection. These
findings may reflect different vectors for disease transmission, and different kinetics of
environment–pathogen–host interaction.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/66704
ISSN: 0147-9571
DOI: 10.1016/j.cimid.2012.08.001
Appears in Collections:微生物暨公共衛生學研究所

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