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標題: One and They: A Heideggerean Reading of Elizabeth Bishop
真我 與 他人 :伊莉莎白.比莎普 從海德格出發
作者: 張珮珮
Chang, Pei-pei
關鍵字: Heidegger;海德格;Elizabeth Bishop;one;they;依麗莎白.比莎普;真我;他人
出版社: 外國語文學系研究所
一己在生活裡對於本我的省思. 對海德格而言, 這個世界為[常人](the they)所遮蔽, 是
一個難以逃避的[日常世界](the world of everydayness).日常生活由[閑談](idle talk
).[好奇](curiosity). 及[模擬兩可](ambiguity)組合而成.因閑談及好奇所產生的模擬
,死亡及時間也因而被淹沒.然而個人無法逃避一己之[本真](authentic Being),在比莎普
根據海德格所言,本我乃基於他我,須在常人的世間中才能得見. 透過比莎普寬廣而鉅細靡

Elizabeth Bishop''s concerns for the world and people within are revealed
patently in her poetry. Martin Heidegger, a philosopher who also puts highpre
mium on the world in which we live, provides us different perspectives of read
ing Bishop''s poetry. This paper intends to understand the world and the self
of Bishop''s poems in Heidegger''s viewpoints. It might further reflectthe situ
ation of our Being in the world. The world, in Heidegger''s term, is the "w
orld" of everydayness shadowed by the "they." The "world" of everydayness is
constituted by idle talk, curiosity, and ambiguity. Due to idle talk and cur
iosity, one oscillates inthe ambiguity of "one-self" and "they-self." Moreove
r,the other elements of life: self-other relationships, death, and time are al
so concealed in the everyday world. Yet one cannot avoid confront one''s authe
ntic Being. In Bishop''s poems, exile becomes the seeming solution for one''s d
ilemma of the self-quest. But exiling oneself does not promise one''s self bei
ng found. According to Heidegger, "one-self" which is based upon "they-self"
must be searched in the "world" of the "they." With Bishop''s revelatory ey
esight, she perceives that one''s self is understood by getting along with one
another. The tolerance for other people is developed simultaneouly. Also, on
e''s self is prompted by the anxiety which makes one reexamine the life values
and recapture the potentiality-for-Being, to use Heidegger''s words. As one is
in the face of death, the anxiety for one''s self is disclosed. In Bishop''s p
oems, death is first known by Beingwith others. Recognizing the integrity of
death casts light on one''s potentiality-for-Being and the genuine self-other r
elationship. Moreover, knowing one''s finitude of life helps to grasp one''s fl
eeting lifetime. One becomes undisturbed and clear to hold the moment of visi
on and one''s authenticBeing. Bishop''s poems have thus provided us a journey t
o experience differentaspects of life and death.
Appears in Collections:外國語文學系所

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