Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/6715
標題: One and They: A Heideggerean Reading of Elizabeth Bishop
真我 與 他人 :伊莉莎白.比莎普 從海德格出發
作者: 張珮珮
Chang, Pei-pei
關鍵字: Heidegger;海德格;Elizabeth Bishop;one;they;依麗莎白.比莎普;真我;他人
出版社: 外國語文學系研究所
摘要: 
依麗莎白.比莎普的詩關照人生;馬丁.海德格關注世間的哲學思維,正可呈顯比莎普詩中
的人生.本論文旨在透過海德格的觀點,來了解比莎普詩中所展現的世界及本我,進而反照
一己在生活裡對於本我的省思. 對海德格而言, 這個世界為[常人](the they)所遮蔽, 是
一個難以逃避的[日常世界](the world of everydayness).日常生活由[閑談](idle talk
).[好奇](curiosity). 及[模擬兩可](ambiguity)組合而成.因閑談及好奇所產生的模擬
兩可,使個人在[他我](they-self)及[本我](one-self)中擺盪;生活的其他要素:人我關係
,死亡及時間也因而被淹沒.然而個人無法逃避一己之[本真](authentic Being),在比莎普
的詩中,放逐似乎成為個人尋找解決本我困境的辦法;但是,放逐自我卻不能完全徹底解決.
根據海德格所言,本我乃基於他我,須在常人的世間中才能得見. 透過比莎普寬廣而鉅細靡
遺的洞察力,讀者感知詩中的本我是經由人與人之間的相處,並同時培養出對他人的包容及
齬朣?另一方面,由焦慮所啟發的本我,能使個人從新檢視生命的意義,且掌握海德格所言
之[存在潛能](potentiality-for-Being).個人在面對死亡所產生的焦慮,使得本我得以顯
現.在比夏普的詩中,個人對死亡的初知乃藉由與人相處的過程;經由死之真義確認個人的[
存在潛能]及真實的人我關係.知己之大限讓個人更能抓住倏忽之生命,因此,進而能清楚把
握當下及一己之本真.透過她的作品,比莎普給予我們不同體悟的生死之旅.

Elizabeth Bishop''s concerns for the world and people within are revealed
patently in her poetry. Martin Heidegger, a philosopher who also puts highpre
mium on the world in which we live, provides us different perspectives of read
ing Bishop''s poetry. This paper intends to understand the world and the self
of Bishop''s poems in Heidegger''s viewpoints. It might further reflectthe situ
ation of our Being in the world. The world, in Heidegger''s term, is the "w
orld" of everydayness shadowed by the "they." The "world" of everydayness is
constituted by idle talk, curiosity, and ambiguity. Due to idle talk and cur
iosity, one oscillates inthe ambiguity of "one-self" and "they-self." Moreove
r,the other elements of life: self-other relationships, death, and time are al
so concealed in the everyday world. Yet one cannot avoid confront one''s authe
ntic Being. In Bishop''s poems, exile becomes the seeming solution for one''s d
ilemma of the self-quest. But exiling oneself does not promise one''s self bei
ng found. According to Heidegger, "one-self" which is based upon "they-self"
must be searched in the "world" of the "they." With Bishop''s revelatory ey
esight, she perceives that one''s self is understood by getting along with one
another. The tolerance for other people is developed simultaneouly. Also, on
e''s self is prompted by the anxiety which makes one reexamine the life values
and recapture the potentiality-for-Being, to use Heidegger''s words. As one is
in the face of death, the anxiety for one''s self is disclosed. In Bishop''s p
oems, death is first known by Beingwith others. Recognizing the integrity of
death casts light on one''s potentiality-for-Being and the genuine self-other r
elationship. Moreover, knowing one''s finitude of life helps to grasp one''s fl
eeting lifetime. One becomes undisturbed and clear to hold the moment of visi
on and one''s authenticBeing. Bishop''s poems have thus provided us a journey t
o experience differentaspects of life and death.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/6715
Appears in Collections:外國語文學系所

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