Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/6717
DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor李順裕zh_TW
dc.contributorShuenn Yuh Leeen_US
dc.contributor黃崇禧zh_TW
dc.contributor許恒銘zh_TW
dc.contributorChorng-Sii Hwangen_US
dc.contributorHeng-Ming Hsuen_US
dc.contributor.advisor楊清淵zh_TW
dc.contributor.advisorChing-Yuan Yangen_US
dc.contributor.author蔡孟庭zh_TW
dc.contributor.authorTsai, Meng-Tingen_US
dc.contributor.other中興大學zh_TW
dc.date2007zh_TW
dc.date.accessioned2014-06-06T06:38:50Z-
dc.date.available2014-06-06T06:38:50Z-
dc.identifierU0005-2308200612553900zh_TW
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dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11455/6717-
dc.description.abstract本論文主要在探討以積體化變壓器實現可變電感的可能性,與應用鎖相迴路技術實現頻率合成的概念,本論文主要可以分為三個部分分別探討之。 第一部分先介紹鎖相迴路的概念,以及內部各元件的架構原理,並敘述何謂頻率合成器,接著延伸至整數與非整數頻率合成器,並介紹以三角積分調變器實現非整數頻率合成器,以及有關於相位雜訊與其模型的介紹,最後並加上電感-電容式振盪器的設計方式與原則。 第二部分將探討有關於傳統電感-電容式壓控振盪器的架構,及使用電容式變容器的缺點分析,提出可變電感架構,並使用積體化變壓器的概念實現。針對利用積體化變壓器構成的可變電感架構進行分析,對其特性加以探討,並將此理論應用於壓控振盪器中,分別提出實現於兩種架構:增益控制振盪器與轉導控制振盪器,皆以0.18μm CMOS 製程製造。增益控制振盪器分為兩組,分別操作於3GHz 與7GHz 的頻帶,在1MHz 頻率偏移處相位雜訊為-125dBc/Hz 與-113dBc/Hz,最低功率消耗可為4.8mW 與9mW,FoM 達到-188 dBc/Hz 與-180 dBc/Hz。轉導控制振盪器可操作於5GHz 頻帶,在1MHz 頻率偏移處相位雜訊為-121dBc/Hz,功率消耗約為9mW,FoM 為-187 dBc/Hz。 最後一部份將探討頻率合成器的設計,可分為兩個主題,第一部分為使用可變電感所實現的增益控制振盪器應用於頻率合成器中,此頻率合成器的除頻器為雙模組除頻器,並加上三角積分調變器進行調變,使其能夠達到除小數的功能,其輸出頻率範圍3.74GHz~4.68GHz,工作電壓為1.8V時的功率消耗為67mW。另一部分則是將另外一種振盪器架構-轉導控制振盪器應用於頻率合成器中,此頻率合成器主要被設計能符合超寬頻通訊系統模式一的規格,且以快速鎖定與快速跳頻為主要設計訴求,並使用無除頻器的鎖相迴路達到此目的,其中使用到兩個鎖相迴路共用一除頻器以節省功率消耗,並進行模擬驗證此架構的可行性,本晶片以0.18μm CMOS製程製造,面積為1.4mm × 1.4mm,工作電壓為1.8V 時的功率消耗為89mW。zh_TW
dc.description.abstractThis thesis describes the feasibility study of inductive varactor realized with integrated transformer and frequency synthesis based on phase-locked loop technique. There are three major parts in this thesis discussed in detail. The first part of the thesis would introduce the concept of phase-locked loop, and describe about how it operations. The differences between integer-N and fractional-N frequency synthesizer, in addition to the fractional-N one realized with delta-sigma modulator would be discussed. And then, the phase noise concept and its model together with the design of LC voltage controlled oscillator would be mentioned. The second part of this thesis discussed the traditional LC VCO applied capacitive varactors and its disadvantages. The thesis proposed the concept of inductive varactor. The proposed structures employ integrated transformers as inductance with voltage-controlled value. The traditional approach of tuning the VCO oscillation frequency by capacitance variation would be sacrificed, and the proposed structure with induction variation will be applied to substitute for that. Two kinds of the VCOs are proposed. One is gain-controlled oscillator, and the other is transconductance-controlled oscillator. The measurement result of the first kind of the VCOs have phase noise at 1MHz offset from a 3GHz and 7GHz carrier of -125dBc/Hz and -113dBc/Hz, and the power consumption is about 4.85mW and 9mW. FoM is about -188 dBc/Hz and -180 dBc/Hz. The second kind of the VCO has phase noise at 1MHz offset from a 5GHz band carrier of -121dBc/Hz, and the power consumption is about 9mW. FoM is about -187 dBc/Hz. The last part of all, the work presents the frequency synthesizer based on PLLs. It divided into two parts of the work. The first one applied the gain-controlled oscillator, dual-modulus frequency divider and delta-sigma modulator to realize a fractional-N frequency synthesizer. The output frequency ranges from 3.74GHz to 4.68GHz. It consumes 67mW from a 1.8V power supply. The other frequency synthesizer is based on transconductance -controlled oscillator, which is designed to meet the OFDM UWB Mode-1 application specification. The frequency synthesizer is designed for fast locking and fast hopping application with dividerless architecture. In addition, this thesis discusses the problems of the SSB-mixer applied in the papers in the recent years. The two PLLs share one frequency divider to reduce power consumption. The chip is implemented in 0.18μm CMOS technology with the die area 1.4mm × 1.4mm and consumes 89mW from a 1.8V power supply.en_US
dc.description.tableofcontents誌謝 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - i 摘要(中文) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ii 摘要(英文) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -iii 目錄 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - iv 第一章 緒論 1.1 研究動機 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 1.2 論文概要 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2 第二章 鎖相迴路與頻率合成器 2.1 鎖相迴路- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3 2.1.1 相位頻率偵測器- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 4 2.1.2 充電泵與迴路濾波器- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 5 2.1.3 壓控振盪器- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7 2.2 頻率合成器- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 2.2.1 整數與非整數頻率合成器之比較- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 9 2.2.2 三角積分調變器- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 10 2.2.3 二階MASH與SL三角積分器的比較- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 13 2.3 電感電容式壓控振盪器設計考量- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 15 2.3.1 相位雜訊- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 15 2.3.2 相位雜訊模型- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 18 2.3.3 降低LC-VCO相位雜訊- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 20 2.3.4 LC-VCO設計- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 21 第三章 積體化變壓器實現可變電感之電感電容式壓控振盪器研究 3.1 電感與積體化變壓器- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 23 3.2 應用變容器之電感電容式壓控振盪器架構- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 25 3.3 可變電感實現之壓控振盪器- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 27 3.4 利用可變電感技巧實現之增益控制振盪器- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 29 3.4.1 變壓器特性分析- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 29 3.4.2 電路架構- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 32 3.4.3 晶片量測與討論- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 33 3.5 利用可變電感技巧實現之轉導控制振盪器- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 36 3.5.1 電路架構介紹- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 36 3.5.2 原理分析 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 38 3.5.3 晶片量測與討論 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 41 3.6 結論 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 43 第四章 利用可變電感技巧實現之頻率合成器 4.1 簡介 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 44 4.2 電路架構與說明 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 44 4.2.1 增益控制振盪器 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 46 4.2.2 整數除頻器與三角積分調變器 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 47 4.2.3 頻率合成器 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 50 4.3 電路模擬 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 52 4.4 晶片量測結果 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -57 4.5 結論 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 60 第五章 應用於UWB MODE-1之快速跳頻頻率合成器 5.1 簡介 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 61 5.1.1 規格說明 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 61 5.1.2 電路架構 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 62 5.2 電路說明- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 64 5.2.1 壓控振盪器 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 64 5.2.2 整數除頻器 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 65 5.2.3 無除頻器之鎖相迴路 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 66 5.2.4 快速跳頻頻率合成器 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 67 5.3 電路模擬 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 69 5.5 結論 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 76 第六章 結論 6.1 結論與未來展望 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 78 參考書目 參考文獻- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 79 附錄 ◎ Ching-Yuan Yang; Meng-Ting Tsai, ” A Frequency Synthesizer Realized by a Transformer-Based Voltage-Controlled Oscillator for IEEE 802.11 a/b/g Channels”, Circuits and Systems, 2006. ISCAS 2006. IEEE International Symposium on 21-24 May 2006 Page(s):5091 – 5094.zh_TW
dc.language.isoen_USzh_TW
dc.publisher電機工程學系所zh_TW
dc.relation.urihttp://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-2308200612553900en_US
dc.subjectFrequency Synthesizeren_US
dc.subject振盪器zh_TW
dc.subjectOscillatoren_US
dc.subjectTunable Inductoren_US
dc.subject頻率合成器zh_TW
dc.subject可調電感zh_TW
dc.title利用積體化變壓器原理之可調電感技術實現高效能振盪器應用於頻率合成器之設計與分析zh_TW
dc.titleDesign and Analysis of Frequency Synthesizers with High-performance Oscillators using an Integrated Transformer-Based Tunable Inductor Techniqueen_US
dc.typeThesis and Dissertationzh_TW
item.openairecristypehttp://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_18cf-
item.fulltextno fulltext-
item.cerifentitytypePublications-
item.grantfulltextnone-
item.languageiso639-1en_US-
item.openairetypeThesis and Dissertation-
Appears in Collections:電機工程學系所
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