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標題: Carnival Transgression: A Bakhtinian Reading of the Modern Grotesque,Winesburg,Ohio
作者: 徐楝
Hsu, Lien
關鍵字: 嘉年華;carnival;巴赫汀;拉伯雷;怪誕;眾聲喧譁;對話論;Bakhtin;Rabelais;grotesque;multivoicedness;dialogism
出版社: 外國語文學系研究所
My basic assumption is that Winesburg, Ohio belongs to the modern grotesq
ue. The homogeneity between the modern grotesque and Winesburg, Ohio emerges
at the point that both of them delve into the invisible spheres of the inner s
elves. Basically I analyze two theoretical perspectives in my different readi
ng of Winesburg, Ohio. First, I build upon the concept of the modern grotesqu
e with an examination of Geoffrey Galt Harpham*s and Bernard McElory*s critiqu
e on the grotesque. Then, I useRussian literary theorist Mikhail Bakhtin*s no
tion of carnival as the theoretical underpinning for reading the elements of c
arnival fair in Winesburg, Ohio and for finding the loopholes between the desi
rable and the undesirable for the town grotesques. The thesis is divided i
nto five chapters. The first chapter explores how the modern grotesque distur
bingly yet effectively presents reality of the world, and how Bakhtinian carni
val dissolves the official seriousness and momentarily discloses people*s unof
ficial truth. Three aspects are involved: the unsettling power of the grotesq
ue in literature, the three characteristics of the modern grotesque--the twist
ed psychic life, anti-logic, and the intrusion of the comic element--and carni
valesque spirit in laughter and Rabelaisian grotesque imagery. In Chapter
Two, I view the whole town celebrating its own carnival fair in order to provi
de a new and enriching context within which to explore the town grotesques and
restore the book to its neglected origin of carnival. The carnivalesque aspe
ct of Winesburg, Ohio is subtle and often not ostensible, and even might not b
e intended by Sherwood Anderson himself, who probably had never heard of the g
reat Russian literary theorist Mikhail Bakhtin when his Winesburg stories were
published in 1919. Chapter Three examines the two mutually competing pow
ers of religious cult and inner monstrous forces. Further, more attention is
paid to how Anderson turns the physical grotesques in the Rabelaisian world in
to the psychic grotesques in Winesburg, Ohio, and specifically how the corrupt
ed grotesque suffers a carnivalesque decrowning. Chapter Four shows how fe
male rivalry against social and religious representation is a fitting subject
of Bakhtinian carnival, and in turn makes Winesburg, Ohio an appropriate book
to discuss the theme of carnival.Underneath the lack of communication exist nu
merous expressions voiced not only in uttered and audible words but in actions
. Females* expressions--the particular interest of this thesis--in their cour
ageous and rivaling acts blend the single voice of the oppressed culture into
the polyphonic choir of other voices. In Chapter Five, the triumph won by
Elizabeth, the half-witted and Doctor Reefy over the religious seriousness wil
l be discussed. The hard-won victory resolves and sublimates the dichotomy of
self and other. It is implied that Winesburg, Ohio is far from the pessimist
ic or destructive or morbidly sexual work it was attacked for being.

的嘉年華歡愉,為其故事中的乖張人物尋找生機。 此論文共分五章。第一章主要探討
,及拉伯雷小說中的「怪誕現實主義」。 第二章分析《小城故事》中的嘉年華精神,
宗教情結和內心世界的狂亂力量,如何影響其乖張人物。 第四章以女性的肉體感性慾
如何解脫宗教枷鎖,進而消弭自我和他人之間的藩籬,成為乖張人物的勝利代表。 《
Appears in Collections:外國語文學系所

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