Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/6719
標題: Carnival Transgression: A Bakhtinian Reading of the Modern Grotesque,Winesburg,Ohio
現代怪誕小說<小城故事>中的嘉年華踰越
作者: 徐楝
Hsu, Lien
關鍵字: 嘉年華;carnival;巴赫汀;拉伯雷;怪誕;眾聲喧譁;對話論;Bakhtin;Rabelais;grotesque;multivoicedness;dialogism
出版社: 外國語文學系研究所
摘要: 
My basic assumption is that Winesburg, Ohio belongs to the modern grotesq
ue. The homogeneity between the modern grotesque and Winesburg, Ohio emerges
at the point that both of them delve into the invisible spheres of the inner s
elves. Basically I analyze two theoretical perspectives in my different readi
ng of Winesburg, Ohio. First, I build upon the concept of the modern grotesqu
e with an examination of Geoffrey Galt Harpham*s and Bernard McElory*s critiqu
e on the grotesque. Then, I useRussian literary theorist Mikhail Bakhtin*s no
tion of carnival as the theoretical underpinning for reading the elements of c
arnival fair in Winesburg, Ohio and for finding the loopholes between the desi
rable and the undesirable for the town grotesques. The thesis is divided i
nto five chapters. The first chapter explores how the modern grotesque distur
bingly yet effectively presents reality of the world, and how Bakhtinian carni
val dissolves the official seriousness and momentarily discloses people*s unof
ficial truth. Three aspects are involved: the unsettling power of the grotesq
ue in literature, the three characteristics of the modern grotesque--the twist
ed psychic life, anti-logic, and the intrusion of the comic element--and carni
valesque spirit in laughter and Rabelaisian grotesque imagery. In Chapter
Two, I view the whole town celebrating its own carnival fair in order to provi
de a new and enriching context within which to explore the town grotesques and
restore the book to its neglected origin of carnival. The carnivalesque aspe
ct of Winesburg, Ohio is subtle and often not ostensible, and even might not b
e intended by Sherwood Anderson himself, who probably had never heard of the g
reat Russian literary theorist Mikhail Bakhtin when his Winesburg stories were
published in 1919. Chapter Three examines the two mutually competing pow
ers of religious cult and inner monstrous forces. Further, more attention is
paid to how Anderson turns the physical grotesques in the Rabelaisian world in
to the psychic grotesques in Winesburg, Ohio, and specifically how the corrupt
ed grotesque suffers a carnivalesque decrowning. Chapter Four shows how fe
male rivalry against social and religious representation is a fitting subject
of Bakhtinian carnival, and in turn makes Winesburg, Ohio an appropriate book
to discuss the theme of carnival.Underneath the lack of communication exist nu
merous expressions voiced not only in uttered and audible words but in actions
. Females* expressions--the particular interest of this thesis--in their cour
ageous and rivaling acts blend the single voice of the oppressed culture into
the polyphonic choir of other voices. In Chapter Five, the triumph won by
Elizabeth, the half-witted and Doctor Reefy over the religious seriousness wil
l be discussed. The hard-won victory resolves and sublimates the dichotomy of
self and other. It is implied that Winesburg, Ohio is far from the pessimist
ic or destructive or morbidly sexual work it was attacked for being.

《小城故事》探討人性的隱藏面,其題材是屬於現代怪誕。基本上,我採用兩種角度
來閱讀此書。首先,我以海芬(Harphan)和麥克艾洛依(McElory)對怪誕文學的論述來架構
現代怪誕的概念。然後,試圖以俄國文學理論學家巴赫汀的狂歡節來闡明《小城故事》中
的嘉年華歡愉,為其故事中的乖張人物尋找生機。 此論文共分五章。第一章主要探討
現代怪誕如何紛擾而有效地呈現事實;以及巴赫汀的狂歡節如何對抗官方文化,而顯露人
們真實內在的人性。本章涵蓋三方面:現代怪誕文學的顛覆力量、現代怪誕文學的三特性
,及拉伯雷小說中的「怪誕現實主義」。 第二章分析《小城故事》中的嘉年華精神,
提供更豐富的背景,探索書中的乖張人物,並且還原此書被忽略的嘉年華色彩。該書中的
嘉年華精神是隱性的,甚至作者安德森亦未察覺。第三章從宗教角度分析安德森如何把拉
伯雷世界中怪誕的肉體轉化為《小城故事》中的心靈怪誕,並探討兩種互相競爭的力量:
宗教情結和內心世界的狂亂力量,如何影響其乖張人物。 第四章以女性的肉體感性慾
望為敘述主體。女性主體的直接體驗與傳統文化中的父權、宗教等力量抗爭。女性反抗與
顛覆的強音闡發了眾聲喧譁的現象。第五章從正面觀點討論伊莉莎白、痴愚者及瑞夫醫生
如何解脫宗教枷鎖,進而消弭自我和他人之間的藩籬,成為乖張人物的勝利代表。 《
小城故事》中的嘉年華歡愉和現代怪誕的反叛力量消弭乖張人物與他者之間的隔閡,鮮活
的表現出巴赫汀的對話溝通。再者,安德森對其乖張人物內心世界的探索,賦予他們更多
表達喜怒哀樂的空間,驗證巴赫汀的對話論。由此可知《小城故事》中隱藏的嘉年華色彩
和現代怪誕文學的顛覆力量沖淡了書中的悲觀色彩,並成為一種獨特的表現方式,藉此反
應出人們真實內在的人性。
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/6719
Appears in Collections:外國語文學系所

Show full item record
 

Google ScholarTM

Check


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.