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標題: 白亦非白:論J.M.寇茲<塵封的心>中之認同政治
White but Not Quite: Identity Politics in J. M. Coetzee's In the Heart of the Country.
作者: 何玉方
Ho, Yu-fang
關鍵字: 棄確;abjection;認同政治;意識型態;identity politics;ideology;interpellation
出版社: 外國語文學系研究所
In the first chapter of this thesis, I will use Kristeva's theory of abjection
as a starting point to analyze the critical issue of colonial identification
and representation. In this part, Fanon's study of the black psyche in a white
world and Bhabha's notion of "ambivalence" will be thoroughly investigated.
The analyzed text, In the Heart of the Country, is narrated in the first-per
son point of view. Although the narrator Magda is a white woman, she presents
her ambivalent identification with both the black and the whtiethroughout the
novel. Therefore, the second chapter of the thesis is to probe into how and wh
y Magda's ambivalent identification is revealed in her narrative. In this part
, Kristeva's theory of "subject-in-process" will be applied to my examination
of Magda's ambivalence. In the light of Kristeva'sconcept, Magda's ambivalence
is actually a speaking subject's inevitable oscillation or splitting between
the semiotic drives and the symbolic stasis. In the last chapter of the the
sis, I intend to consider the Kristevan concept of abjection from another stan
dpoint. In this chapter, Magda's dialectical narrative process is conceived as
her attempt to counter abjection, or let us say, to counter the colonial ideo
logical interpellation.In this part, I will employ some of Matin Heidegger's i
deas in Being and Time about man's existence in the world for a further invest
igation into Magda's subjectivity. With Heidegger's concept, I suppose that Ma
gda's Self-abjection implies what Heidegger says Dasein's understanding of one
's own authentic possibility.

在後殖民文學裡, 認同或是自我認同一直是很重要的課題, 因此本論文的第一章旨在
由Kristeva的棄確理論出發來談殖民時期的自我認同問題, 文中將介紹殖民者是如何藉由
棄確他者(被殖民者)來建立一明確同質的自我; 以及藉由Fanon及Bhabha兩位的殖民論述
分 來看殖民勢力運作的心理機制及其模稜含混的地帶. <塵封的心>是一部以第一人稱敘
述 之作品, 小說中呈現出白人女主角Magda這個說話主體身處殖民時期, 對黑白種族的曖
昧 認同, 因此本論文的第二章主要援引Kristeva主體分析理論(subject-in-process) 來
解 析小說中Magda對自我的認知是為何以及如何地呈現矛盾曖昧. 本論文的第三章旨在
分析Magda的主體過程其實也同時是Magda步向自我棄確的一個過程, 這個自我棄確所隱含
的是一個不認同白人主體的心理機制. 代表她拒絕接受殖民象徵秩序的銘刻. 因此在小說
中, Magda就如同Fanon的黑皮膚白面具的曖昧身份一樣,游移在不見容於兩邊的黑白交界
地帶, 以Krsiteva的觀點來說, 她是一個abject --"neither subject nor object" 用B
habha的術語來說, 則是"not quite/not white", 而正如同第一章所探討的, 兩者皆具有
顛覆 性的力量. 在這個部份中, 筆者亦引用 Heidegger 之Being and Time 的部份概念,
將Magda的棄確舊自我視為Heidegger 所說 的Dasein's quest for an authentic pote
ntiality-for-being, 試圖逃脫殖民勢力所建構的世界(inauthentic They-Self world).
Appears in Collections:外國語文學系所

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