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Evaluation of Using Gamma Irradiation to Disinfest Floral Pests for Quarantine Purposes
|關鍵字:||應用研究;Quarantine;植物保護類;檢疫;切花;伽瑪射線照射;斜紋夜蛾;紅蜘蛛;Fresh Cut Flowers;Gamma Irradiation;Cutworm;Spider Mites||摘要:||
The agricultural cultivation in Taiwan has been gradually shifted from the traditional culture such as rice to more valuable plants, for example fresh cut flowers. In spite of providing to the domestic markets, the fresh cut flowers are now exported to many countries. In order to prevent the invasion of pests, these kinds of goods are required to have strict quarantine treatment before export to or import from a country. For this purpose, a fumigant, methyl bromide, has been widely used for many years; however, it has recently been banned by many countries concerning about its hazards to the environment and human health. Therefore, seeking alterative methods to disinfest floral pests for quarantine purposes are imperative under the circumstances. The aim of this study is to evaluate a possible application of gamma irradiation to treat some key floral pests, such as cutworms, thrips and mites etc. in Taiwan, investigate the suitable doses for disinfestation of different pests, and provide the results as references for future use.
|Appears in Collections:||研究計畫報告|
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