Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/6744
標題: 自動追蹤移動物體監控系統
Automatic Tracking Object Surveillance System
作者: 王文宏
Wang, Wun-Hung
關鍵字: tracking;追蹤;surveillance;automatic tracking;自動追蹤;追蹤移動物體
出版社: 電機工程學系所
引用: [1] Weiner, G.; Gyarmathy, S.; Marko, J.,” Open communication for drives having a conventional RS232 interface”Industrial Electronics, 1993. Conference Proceedings, ISIE''93 - Budapest., IEEE International Symposium on ,1-3 June 1993 [2] Shijian Liu, Li Guo, Junzhu Zhu, Feng Luo. “A CPLD Design of Real Time System for Point Target Detection in Infrared Image Sequence”, IEEE International Symposium. [3] Stefan POPESCU, Ph.D. “Hardware Implementation of Fast Neural Networks Using CPLD” Politehnica University of Bucharest. [4] Anthony Herbland and Reza Sotudeh, “Real-time digital video multiplexer synchronisation implementation with CPLD” Communication and Electrical Engineering. [5] Elmenreich, W.; Delvai, M.,” Time-triggered communication with UARTs”Factory Communication Systems, 2002. 4th IEEE International Workshop on ,28-30 Aug. 2002 [6] Verilog Designer's Library, Bob Zeidman The Chalkboard Network, Cupertino CA.Prentice Hall PTR Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458. [7]VHDL and AHDL digital System Implement/ Frank A. Scarpino, 1988 by Prentice Hall PTR Prentice-Hall, Inc. [8] “Spartan-3 FPGA family: Complete Data Sheet”. DS099 August, 24 2004. [9] “IMAQ PCI/PXI™-1411 User Manual Single-Channel Color Image Acquisition Board for PCI, PXI, and CompactPCI Chassis” [10] “SAA7111A Enhanced Video Input Processor (EVIP) “, Product specification Supersedes data of 1997 May 26 File under Integrated Circuits, IC22 1998 May 15. [11] “TOSHIBA MOS DIGITAL INTEGRATED CIRCUIT SILICON GATE CMOS 1-GBIT (128M 8 BITS) CMOS NAND E2PROM [12] “Architectures for Digital Signal Processing”, Peter Pirsch University of Hannover, Germany, John Wiley & Sons Chichester. NewYork. Weinheim. Brisbane. [13] “LabVIEWtm Basics II Development Course Manual”, Course Software Version 7.0 June 203 Edition Part Number 320629L-01 [14] “ LabView Machine Vision and Image Processing Course Manual”, Course Software Version 2.5 September 2001 Part number 321998C-01
摘要: 
監視系統已經大量地被應用在交通控管、辦公室監控、環境監控甚至延伸到家庭或社區的安全監控,在許多的交通事件中,監控系統扮演著重要的角色,解決不少交通問題;在治安方面,監視系統更是不可或缺的一項重要證據指標,在居家或社區方面,監控系統更是扮演著保全的功能,保障居家的安全。

然而目前的監視系統架構大多是單個CCD加上一套儲存系統,將CCD拍攝到的畫面一張一張地存放起來,這樣的系統架構就存在了二個隱藏的問題,第一,CCD只拍攝固定範圍,一旦在CCD視野之外的影像CCD便無法拍攝到區域外的影像,如此便會使居心不良的人士利用此漏洞,破壞居家的安全。第二,傳統監視系統24小時不斷地在儲存資料,不管外界的風吹草動,這會浪費除儲存系統的資源,因為儲存了許多我們認為不必要的資訊。

有鑑於此,我們便提出有追蹤功能的監視系統,當CCD檢測到物體移動時,便將CCD的中心位置對準移動物體,只要物體一移動,CCD便會跟著物體轉動,就像人眼一樣,監視著移動物體。除此之外,儲存裝置也不必24小時地作儲存的動作,只要CCD一偵測到移動物體才驅動儲存裝置做儲存的動作,如此一來,便大大地降低儲存裝置的資源,達到儲存重要資料的目的。

The Surveillance System had used a greater deal of the Traffic controlled、Office Surveillance、Environment Surveillance、and House or community surveillance. In many traffic accidents, It is very important role of the monitor system and it solves a lot problems of traffic accidents. In public security, the surveillance system is pointer to be the powerful evidence. In personal House or community, the surveillance is a good private security service. It save your life.

So far, the structure of surveillance system is made up of one CCD and Recorder System. The Image data from CCD is recorded one by one by Recorder System. There are two problems in this structure of surveillance system. Number one, The CCD is fixed and captures the sequence image in the fixed view. When the view is out of the CCD range, the CCD can’t capture the image data of out CCD rang. This will give the chance to the thief to burst into the house. Number two, the recorder system of traditional monitor system always recodes the images every second. If the moveable object in the view or not, the recorder system always recodes data. This will waste the recorder system resource. And the system recorded the image data that is almost unused for us.

So we propose a ideal that tracking moveable object system. When CCD detects the moving object, the CCD will turn around to the moving objection and the center of CCD will focus the moving object like the human’s eye tracking the moving object. Beside, recorder system doesn’t record image data every second. As soon as CCD detects the moving object, the recorder system will start recording image data. This will reduce the restoring space.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/6744
其他識別: U0005-2308200615125900
Appears in Collections:電機工程學系所

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