Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/6757
標題: 應用於光纖傳送之具有自動功率控制的高速雷射二極體驅動器
High-speed Laser Diode Drivers with an Auto-Power Control Technique for Optical Transmission
作者: 曾德銘
Tseng, Te-Ming
關鍵字: 雷射二極體驅動器;laser driver apc tia;自動功率控制
出版社: 電機工程學系所
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摘要: 
為了達到光纖到府的願景設計出低成本的光纖收發器必需突破的瓶頸,因此即使已有許多光纖收發機是使用昂貴的GaAs來實現,因此無法使其普及化的目標。但由於製程的進步,現在對於以CMOS和SiGe 來實現光纖收發器已經是可行的,但還是頗具挑戰性。
在本論文中,是利用 0.35µm SiGe製程分別完成兩個操作在3.3v 3.125Gb/s和10Gb/s的SiGe光纖前級的送傳送電路,這個電路整合了雷射二極體驅動器(Laser Diode Driver, LDD)及自動功率控制器(Auto-Power Control, APC)於同一個晶片上。
在本論文中所提出的兩個雷射二極體驅動器都能提供大範圍(10mA~100mA)的調變和偏壓輸出電流,以提供足夠的電流來克服當溫度升高時較差的轉換效率,和較高的臨界電流。
雷射二極體是一個對溫度相當敏感的元件,因此需要一個回授機制來控制雷射二極體的輸出功率。我們稱這個機制為自動功率回授控制。在本論文中兩個不同的自動功率回授控制電路,第一為類比式雙迴路自動功率回授控制機制,此機制可不破壞明暗比的情況下,維持穩定的輸出功率。第二為數位類比混合式自動功率回授控制機制,除了擁有前一個電路的好處之外還可以更精準的控制雷射二極體的輸出偏壓電流。此回授機制也利用數位電路中的上下數計數器,來記憶前一次電路穩定時的參數,以利再一次傳送資料時回授控制機制能快速達到穩定以求利用在突爆式的光纖傳送機中。

One of the most important factors for applying optical system is its cost. Conventionally, high speed optical transceivers are implemented in expensive GaAs process. Nowadays, with the blooming progress in VLSI technology, several GHz front-end circuits in CMOS and SiGe process have been successively demonstrated.
This thesis explores circuit techniques for optical transmitter front-end design in 0.35µm BiCMOS technology. The objective goals of this research are to realize a single chip of 3.3V high speed (3.125Gb/s & 10Gb/s) optical transmitter front-end ICs including laser diode drivers, and auto-power control circuits.
In the thesis two different kinds of laser diode drivers are presented. The output driving value of modulated and bias current can operate form 10mA to 100mA. In order to supply enough current to reach the maximum desired optical output power with a low-efficiency laser and high threshold current under high- temperature.
Because of the strong temperature and age dependence of the laser's L/I curve, laser diode driver need a feedback mechanism so-called auto-power control (APC) that actively maintains consistent laser diode performance by continuously monitoring the optical output and correcting it for variations caused by changes in operating temperature and laser diode degradation. In the thesis two kinds of APC circuit are presented. One is an analog dual loop control which can maintain constant output power without disturbing extinction ratio another has both analog and digital control mechanism which not only has same advantage of last control mechanism but also can control the bias current more accurate. In order to apply in burst mode optical transmitter the second auto-power mechanism also can store the selected power level in up-down-counter which help the feedback loop to be stable faster.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/6757
其他識別: U0005-2308200615501000
Appears in Collections:電機工程學系所

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