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標題: Investigation of the Characteristics of Undoped and Sn-Doped ZnO Films Prepared by an Acidic Sol
作者: Huang, C.J.
Chiu, M.C.
Yao, H.C.
Tsai, D.C.
Shieu, F.S.
關鍵字: oxide thin-films;zinc-oxide;optical-properties;gel process;transparent;deposition;al;particles;pressure
Project: Journal of the Electrochemical Society
期刊/報告no:: Journal of the Electrochemical Society, Volume 155, Issue 12, Page(s) K211-K218.
Transparent conducting thin films of undoped and Sn-doped zinc oxide films were prepared on glass substrate by a dip-coating method using an acidic sol. The effect of metal sources, zinc chloride (ZnCl(2)) and zinc acetate dihydrate [Zn(OAc)(2)center dot 2H(2)O], on the crystalline structure and properties of the films was investigated in detail. X-ray diffraction analysis reveals that the acidic sol leads to ZnO crystals with a hexagonal wurtzite structure after annealing treatment. Transmission electron microscopy results evidence that the Sn-doped ZnO thin films are a mixed phase of wurtzite ZnO and tetragonal SnO(2) nanocrystals. Field-emission scanning electron microscopy shows that the morphology of the films is largely affected by the zinc metal sources, and optical and electrical properties of the films are closely related to their microstructure. The undoped films prepared with the zinc chloride source exhibit a lower transmittance in the visible wavelength between 600 and 800 nm, compared with that using the zinc acetate dihydrate source. The electrical resistivity of the undoped films is high (rho > 2.0 x 10(4) Omega cm) but can be reduced by a Sn doping treatment. The optimum electrical resistivity of the Sn-doped films can reach to about 1.5 x 10(1) Omega cm. (C) 2008 The Electrochemical Society. [DOI: 10.1149/1.2992082] All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0013-4651
DOI: 10.1149/1.2992082
Appears in Collections:工學院

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