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標題: Semiotics, History and Representation in Samuel R. Delany's Return to Nevron Series
作者: 張秀芳
Chang, Hsiu-fang
關鍵字: 科幻小說;science fiction;符號學;後結構主義;歷史再現;性別與再現;semiotics;poststructuralism;history and representation;Sexuality and Representation;Samuel R. Delany
出版社: 外國語文學系
狄雷尼在1979年出版了他自己所稱之的「劍與魔法」故事集:《涅維揚傳說》。這部小說後來演變成《回到涅維揚》四部曲,包含《涅維揚傳說》、《涅維揚娜》、《飛離涅維揚》及《回到涅維揚》等四本書。在這四部曲裡,狄雷尼生動地描述了人類從野蠻發展至文明的歷史轉變、以物易物的方式到貨幣系統的產生、人類如何發明文字與符號、以及瑞文古族(The Rulvyn tribe)的母系制度等。

It is no exaggeration to say that Samuel R. Delany remains one of the prominent giants in the literary circle whose fame is paralleled with Issac Asimov, Arthur C. Clarke, and Ursula K Le Guin. Born in 1942 in New York to a middle-class family, Delany is a vigorous and prolific science fiction writer who is the nominee and the winner of several literary awards. Babel-17 (1966) and The Einstein Intersection (1967) respectively earned him two Nebula awards, and his non-fiction book, often seen as his autobiography, The Motion of Light in Water: Sex and Science Fiction in East Village received a Hugo in 1989.
In 1979, Delany published his first sword-and-sorcery story—Tales of Nevèrÿon, which ultimately becomes the project of four-volume Return to Nevèrÿon series. In this tetralogy—Tales of Nevèrÿon, Neveryona, Flight from Nevèrÿon, and Return to Nevèrÿon, Delany vividly depicts the historical and social transition from barbarism to civilization, from barter economy to currency system, how people invented signs and words, and the matriarchal structure in the Rulvyn tribe.
The thesis is a study on Delany's Return to Nevèrÿon series. Chapter One aims to offer a careful reading of Delany's semiotic garden. In this chapter, Saussure's theory of language is examined to demonstrate the arbitrary nature of linguistic system. Then I analyze the meaning of the slave's collar in the story to show that a sign's meaning is altered along with different contexts.
Chapter Two intends to read the Nevèrÿon series as a metafiction. Metafiction is a technique used by novelists to interrogate the relationship between fiction and reality. In this chapter, I use Patricia Waugh's theoretical work Metafiction to analyze the metafictional qualities in Nevèrÿon series.
Chapter Three looks at the issue of gender and representations. First, I examine Raven's gender story which is also a parody of the Eden story to illustrate that gender identities are not naturally formed but socially constructed. The case of AIDS is also examined to show that this deadly disease AIDS is not simply a medical issue but may be constructed as a discourse to oppress unorthodox sexual preferences such as gay men.
Chapter Four again re-examine the problem of representation, using textual evidence to illustrate that historical writings is a problematic discourse in that it still has a difficulty in escaping ideological penetrations. The last section of this chapter examines the main idea of postmodern historiography in order to clarify postmodernist's positions.
Appears in Collections:外國語文學系所

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