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標題: Folic Acid-Anchored PEGgylated Phospholipid Bioconjugate and Its Application in a Liposomal Immunodiagnostic Assay for Folic Acid
作者: Ho, J.A.A.
Hung, C.H.
Wu, L.C.
Liao, M.Y.
關鍵字: performance liquid-chromatography;96-well microtiter plates;microbiological assay;vascular-disease;folate receptor;in-vitro;food;milk;homocysteine;immunoassay
Project: Analytical Chemistry
期刊/報告no:: Analytical Chemistry, Volume 81, Issue 14, Page(s) 5671-5677.
A folic acid-anchored, poly(ethylene glycol)-linked (PEGgylated) phospholipid and an immunoaffinity chromatographic column were prepared and employed to develop a liposomal immunodiagnostic assay for the direct determination of folic acid (FA) in this study. Distearoylphosphatidylethanolamine-poly(ethylene glycol)(2000)-folic acid (DSPE-PEG(2000)-FA) was synthesized through carbodiimide-mediated coupling of FA and DSPE-PEG(2000)-amine and characterized using thin layer chromatography, I H nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, and electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry. Liposomal biolabels were constructed using the synthesized DSPE-PEG(2000)-FA in conjunction with other phospholipids. A stationary phase having affinity for FA was prepared by covalently linking purified anti-FA monoclonal antibodies onto N-hydroxysuccinimide-activated Sepharose beads, which were subsequently packed into a 1.9 cm diameter polypropylene column. The calibration curve for FA had a linear range from 10(-8) to 10(-4) M. The limit of detection was 6.8 ng (equivalent to 500 mu L of 3.1 x 10(-8) M FA). The elution buffer (35% methanol in Tris buffered saline containing 0.1% Tween 20) also served as the regeneration buffer, which allowed the same column to be used for up to 50 times without any observable loss of reactivity. The immunoaffinity chromatographic column was reusable and capable of concentrating analytes from sample solution; in conjunction with folic acid-sensitized liposomal biolabels, however, they hold great potential as sensitive immunoaffinity assays for the determination for FA. To confirm the feasibility of using this system in the analysis of real samples, the folic acid contents of three over-the-counter vitamin supplements were tested. The recoveries of folic acid of 90-112% for these three samples were obtained, suggesting contents that were consistent with the information obtained from their nutritional facts panels.
ISSN: 0003-2700
DOI: 10.1021/ac900402v
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