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|標題:||Activation mechanisms of butyrylcholinesterase by 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene, 3,3-dimethylbutyl-N-n-butylcarbamate, and 2-trimethylsilyl-ethyl-N-n-butylcarbamate||作者:||Chiou, S.Y.
|關鍵字:||butyrylcholinesterase;enzyme kinetics;activation;TNT;carbamate;acetylcholinesterase;cholinesterases;inhibition;substrate;binding;hydrolysis;residues;state||Project:||Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology||期刊/報告no：:||Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Volume 150, Issue 3, Page(s) 337-344.||摘要:||
The goal of this work was to propose a possible mechanism for the butyrylcholinesterase activation by 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT), 3,3-dimethylbutyl-N-n-butylcarbamate (1), and 2-trimethylsilyl-ethyl-N-n-butylcarbamate (2). Kinetically, TNT, and compounds 1 and 2 were characterized as the nonessential activators of butyrylcholinesterase. TNT, and compounds 1 and 2 were hydrophobic compounds and were proposed to bind to the hydrophobic activator binding site, which was located outside the active site gorge of the enzyme. The conformational change from a normal active site gorge to a more accessible active site gorge of the enzyme was proposed after binding of TNT, and compounds 1 and 2 to the activator binding site of the enzyme. Therefore, TNT, and compounds 1 and 2 may act as the excess of butyrylcholine in the substrate activator for the butyrylcholinesterase catalyzed reactions.
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