Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/6805
標題: 新批評與告白詩的辯證
The Dialectics of New Criticism and Confessional Poetry
作者: 陳資璧
Chen, Tzi-bi
關鍵字: New Criticism;新批評;Confessional Poetry;Dialectics;告白詩;辯證
出版社: 外國語文學系研究所
摘要: 
新批評以客觀性著稱。它強調文學在創作及閱讀的過程中,應摒除個人情感的介入。而告
白詩卻試圖在一片宣揚客觀性的洪流中,再次面對自己的情感。告白詩人勇於在作品中揭
露最真的自己。這兩股看似對立的學派真的如此不相容而無交集嗎?事實上,這兩個學派
在衝突中仍然保有相互妥協及合作的潛力。這篇論文即要針對這複雜交錯的部分,加以檢
視和討論。第一章旨在藉由主觀作者和客觀作者的對話中,激盪出潛在的妥協空間。韋恩
布斯﹙Wayne Booth﹚所提的潛在作者(implied Author)一詞,正好提供一個兩種不同作
者之間的緩衝區。第二章從題材的選擇和意象的運用這兩方面,重新界定告白詩。本文意
在把告白詩從個人的層面提升至歷史的層面。第三章著眼在告白詩的閱讀問題。一味地把
詩人和作品中的主角人物畫上等號,有簡化作品的危險。本文提出經由主觀的潛在讀者(s
ubjective implied reader)之閱讀,在文本(text)的把關下,展現一定的客觀性。然而
,一旦閱讀的過程中,遇到文本中的空隙(hiatus),讀者必須靠自己的想像力及創造力填
補空隙,以使閱讀能繼續下去。而 這個填補的工作,雖然需在客觀的架構下進行,仍免
不了夾帶讀者的主觀意識。然而,這不可避免的主觀性和意象本身的多義性正造就了文本
永不會被掏空的特性。第三章的閱讀過程,呈現了主觀性和客觀性的結合,不但使新批評
和告白詩妥協的可能性出現契機,更讓兩者在合作的路上踏出第一步。

New criticism claims to be an objective study. It advocates scientific writing
and reading. Depersonalization adn a series fo self surrender are necessary f
orcreation. Confessional poetry, on the contrary, intends to escape from the
domain of obnjectivity. The confessinal poet wants to disclose his personal e
motion in public. What he seeks is a truthful confrontation with his authenti
c being as well as with the world. New Criticism and conmfessional peotry look
like two opposite extremes at first sight; however, the two extremes, in a sen
se, may win some space for reconciliation adn even cooperation. This paper pla
ns to delve into the tangled relation between the two. The first chapter deal
s with the dialogue between the authentic author and the depersonalized author
. The idea of "the implied author" is brought into light as a potential way f
or solving the contradiction. In Chapter Two, I try to clear the definition o
f confessional poetry from the selection of subject matter and the essence of p
oetry. Confessional poetry is elevated from a personal record to ahistorical
symbol. Chapter Three discusses the problems in reading confessional poetry.
An autobiographical reading as a misreading is brought in. A New Critical rea
ding, in fact, is objective from the outset, but subjective at the end. This
kind of reading aims to reach the multiplicity of a text. The end is what both
New Criticism and confessional poets attempt to achieve. However, theend can
be realized by a subjective New Critical reader. From the reading process, a
possibility of reconciliation of the two extremes finally come to light.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/6805
Appears in Collections:外國語文學系所

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