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標題: Observation of SO2 dry deposition velocity at a high elevation flux tower over an evergreen broadleaf forest in Central Taiwan
作者: Tsai, J.L.
Chen, C.L.
Tsuang, B.J.
Kuo, P.H.
Tseng, K.H.
Hsu, T.F.
Sheu, B.H.
Liu, C.P.
Hsueh, M.T.
關鍵字: East Asia;Sulfur dioxide;Dry deposition;Stomatal and non-stomatal;resistances;Evergreen broadleaf forest;sulfur-dioxide;northern thailand;deciduous forest;tropical forest;cloud forest;ozone;model;parameterization;season;atmosphere
Project: Atmospheric Environment
期刊/報告no:: Atmospheric Environment, Volume 44, Issue 8, Page(s) 1011-1019.
A 60-m flux tower was built on a 2100 m mountain for the measurement of the air pollutant concentration and the evaluation of dry deposition velocity in Central Taiwan. The tower was constructed in an evergreen broadleaf forest, which is the dominant species of forest in the world. Multiple-level SO2 concentrations and meteorological variables at the site were measured from February to April 2008. The results showed that the mean dry deposition velocities Of SO2 were 0.61 cm s(-1) during daytime and 0.27 cm s(-1) during nighttime. From the comparison of the monthly data, a tendency was observed that the dry deposition velocity increases with LAI and solar radiation. Furthermore, it was observed that the deposition velocity was larger over wet canopy than over dry canopy, and that higher deposition velocities in the wet season were mainly caused by non-stomatal uptake of wet canopy. Over wet canopy, the mean dry deposition velocities Of SO2 were estimated to be 0.83 cm s(-1) during daytime and 0.47 cm s(-1) during nighttime; and 0.44 cm s(-1) during daytime and 0.19 cm s(-1) during nighttime over dry canopy. There is good agreement between the results of this study and those in other studies and the predictions of Zhang et al. (2003a). The medians (geometric means) of derived r(c) during daytime are 233 (266) m s(-1) over dry canopy and 147 (146) m s(-1) over wet canopy. It was found that solar radiation is the critical important meteorological variable determining stomatal resistance during daytime. For non-stomatal resistance, clear dependencies were observed on the friction velocity and relative humidity. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 1352-2310
DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2009.12.022
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