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標題: Effects of plant nutrient availability and host plant species on the performance of two Pieris butterflies (Lepidoptera : Pieridae)
作者: Hwang, S.Y.
Liu, C.H.
Shen, T.C.
關鍵字: Pieris rapae crucivora;Pieris canidia carridia;host plant species;nutrient ecology;nitrogen;water;glucosinolates;environmentally induced variation;brassica-nigra;cabbage;rapae;oviposition;nitrogen;growth;wild;food;fertilization
Project: Biochemical Systematics and Ecology
期刊/報告no:: Biochemical Systematics and Ecology, Volume 36, Issue 7, Page(s) 505-513.
We assayed the interaction on the availability of plant nutrient and species of host plant on the performance of two species of Pieris butterfly. The results indicated that constant application of different levels of fertilizers to the four different host plants resulted to an increase in their content of plant nutrients. The chemical analysis showed that the added nutrients increased foliar nitrogen and water contents, but there was no effect on the level of glucosinolates. Larvae that fed on highly-nutritious foliage increased their growth rates and showed a shorter development period. The results of feeding trials revealed that the which had fed on host plants with higher levels of fertilization had 4th-instar larvae, a shorter duration of development, less consumption rate, higher growth rate and food processing efficiency. To summarize, this research revealed that both the availability of plant nutrient and species of host plant can strongly influence the physiology and foliar chemistry of host plants. Moreover, the changes of phytochemical in the host plants may play an important role in affecting the performance (growth and food utilization efficiency) of both species of Pieris butterflies. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0305-1978
DOI: 10.1016/j.bse.2008.03.001
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