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|標題:||Lipoprotein profiles and components in Tsaiya ducks under ad libitum feeding and fasting||作者:||Lien, T.F.
|關鍵字:||Tsaiya duck;lipoprotein;ad libitum feeding;fasting;lipoprotein;components;particle size;growing duck;laying duck;HDL;VLDL;low-density lipoprotein;laying hen;plasma-lipoproteins;gallus-domesticus;rich lipoproteins;lipid-metabolism;adipose-tissue;liver;estrogen;immature||Project:||Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology a-Molecular & Integrative Physiology||期刊/報告no：:||Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology a-Molecular & Integrative Physiology, Volume 142, Issue 3, Page(s) 325-330.||摘要:||
This study investigated lipoprotein compositions and distribution in Tsaiya ducks under ad libitum feeding and fasting. The study was conducted on each of thirty Tsaiya ducks over two 4-week periods. Each of the 30 Tsaiya ducks was randomly allocated into an ad libitum feeding group or a 3-day fasting group during the growing period (8-12 weeks old) and during the initial laying period (26-30 weeks old; 10-14 weeks after the onset of laying), respectively. Experimental results indicated that HDL (high-density lipoprotein) is the primary lipoprotein species in growing ducks but that in laying ducks the major population of lipoprotein is VLDL (very low density lipoprotein). Protein and cholesteryl ester were identified as the major components of HDL during both periods; triacylglycerol (TG) was the largest proportion of VLDL in both periods. In laying ducks VLDL contains more TG than in growing ducks; VLDL particle sizes in laying ducks were larger than in growing ducks. Fasting significantly decreased VLDL levels during both periods. The TG content in most lipoproteins was also decreased by fasting during both test periods. In contrast, the cholesteryl ester and free cholesterol in most lipoproteins were increased by fasting. The particle size of HDL and VLDL also decreased during fasting. This study indicated that lipoprotein profiles and components in Tsaiya ducks during the laying period were different from during the growing period and were affected by fasting. (c) 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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