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|標題:||Yield and grain uniformity in contrasting rice genotypes suitable for different growth environments||作者:||Jeng, T.L.
|關鍵字:||grain yield;low amylose mutant;Oryza sativa;rice;yield components;dry-matter;cultivar tainung-67;japonica rice;accumulation;components;enzymes;mutant;indica;size||Project:||Field Crops Research||期刊/報告no：:||Field Crops Research, Volume 99, Issue 1, Page(s) 59-66.||摘要:||
In this study, the effect of crop season on yield and grain weight uniformity was examined in field-grown rice cultivar Tainung 67 and its sodium azide-induced mutant SA419 in 2000 and 2001. In spring, Tainung 67 had greater yield (7.2 mg ha(-1)) than SA419 (6.2 mg ha(-1)). Marked yield decline (averaged 27% decline) was found in Tainung 67 when it was grown in autumn. The yield decline resulting from season change was only 5.9% for SA419. The greater yield of SA419 than Tainung 67 in autumn was due to its higher net assimilation rate and better dry matter partitioning during grain filling. The distribution patterns of grain weight differed between the tested genotypes, with greater grain weight variations for Tainung 67 than SA419. Significant particle branch effects on the distribution pattern of grain weight were also found between Tainung 67 and SA419 with greater variation for the former than the latter. SA419 has several agronomic traits, such as heavier 1000-grain weight and more uniform grain development within a panicle, that makes it a genotype with superior grain quality than Tainung 67. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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