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標題: Evaluation of SO2 oxidation and fly ash filtration by an activated carbon fluidized-bed reactor: The effects of acid modification, copper addition and operating condition
作者: Rau, J.Y.
Tseng, H.H.
Chiang, B.C.
Wey, M.Y.
Lin, M.D.
關鍵字: Simultaneous removal;Fly ash;Fluidized-bed reactor;Adsorbent/catalyst;combined particle separation;flue-gas desulfurization;x-ray;photoelectron;simultaneous removal;catalytic-reduction;filter;elements;ceramic filter;sulfur-dioxide;ab-initio;no
Project: Fuel
期刊/報告no:: Fuel, Volume 89, Issue 3, Page(s) 732-742.
It is expected that the simultaneous removal of acid gases and particles from flue gas, using a single process and at the same temperature, will become an economical, and thus, desirable option. Accordingly, this study investigates the potential for the utilization of a fluidized-bed adsorbent/catalyst reactor for the simultaneous removal of SO2 and fly ash from simulated flue gas. The operating conditions for the evaluation include: (1) different pre-treatments of the adsorbent/catalyst, (2) the operating parameters of adsorption/filtration and (3) the effects of simultaneous adsorption/filtration through the fluidized-bed reactor. Based on the experimental data gathered, the Bronsted acid sites were formed on the surface of activated carbon (AC) support materials after modification with nitric or sulfuric acid and it acted as anchor. This characteristic accounts for the promotion of the effects of dispersion and adsorption of the adsorbent/catalyst. Moreover, the addition of copper facilitated the oxygen transfer of SO2 to the carbon matrix. The concentration of SO2 removed by the fluidized-bed adsorbent/catalyst reactor decreased from 17.9 to 14.2 mg SO2/g of adsorbent after exposure to a high concentration of fly ash. Therefore, an acid-pre-treatment of the adsorbent/catalyst is required to hasten the removal of SO2 in the simulated flue gas. Our result shows that the acidic groups may facilitate the adsorbent/catalyst removal of SO2 when there exist high concentrations of fly ash in the flue gas. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0016-2361
DOI: 10.1016/j.fuel.2009.10.017
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