Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/69411
標題: Safrole Induces Apoptosis in Human Oral Cancer HSC-3 Cells
作者: Yu, F.S.
Yang, J.S.
Yu, C.S.
Lu, C.C.
Chiang, J.H.
Lin, C.W.
Chung, J.G.
關鍵字: safrole;oral cancer HSC-3 cells;apoptosis;caspase cascades;xenograft;model;upper aerodigestive tract;mitochondria-dependent pathways;endoplasmic-reticulum stress;dna-adducts;alcohol-consumption;activation pathway;tongue cancer;scc-4 cells;in-vitro;risk
Project: Journal of Dental Research
期刊/報告no:: Journal of Dental Research, Volume 90, Issue 2, Page(s) 168-174.
摘要: 
Phytochemicals have been used as potential chemopreventive or chemotherapeutic agents. However, there are data suggesting a mutagenic effect of some phytochemicals. We hypothesized that safrole would have anticancer effects on human oral squamous cell carcinoma HSC-3 cells. Safrole decreased the percentage of viable HSC-3 cells via induction of apoptosis by an increased level of cytosolic Ca(2+) and a reduction in the mitochondrial membrane potential (Delta Psi(m)). Changes in the membrane potential were associated with changes in the Bax, release of cytochrome c from mitochondria, and activation of downstream caspases-9 and -3, resulting in apoptotic cell death. In vivo studies also showed that safrole reduced the size and volume of an HSC-3 solid tumor on a xenograft athymic nu/nu mouse model. Western blotting and flow cytometric analysis studies confirmed that safrole-mediated apoptotic cell death of HSC-3 cells is regulated by cytosolic Ca(2+) and by mitochondria-and Fas-dependent pathways.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/69411
ISSN: 0022-0345
DOI: 10.1177/0022034510384619
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