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|標題:||Properties of Bacillus subtilis sigma(A) factors with region 1.1 and the conserved Arg-103 at the N terminus of region 1.2 deleted||作者:||Hsu, H.H.
|關鍵字:||coli rna-polymerase;aromatic-amino-acids;escherichia-coli;abortive;transcription;promoter specificity;sigma-70 subunit;dna-binding;identification;initiation;holoenzyme||Project:||Journal of Bacteriology||期刊/報告no：:||Journal of Bacteriology, Volume 186, Issue 8, Page(s) 2366-2375.||摘要:||
sigma factors in the or 70 family can be classified into the primary and alternative or factors according to their physiological functions and amino acid sequence similarities. The primary sigma factors are composed of four conserved regions, with the conserved region 1 being divided into two subregions. Region 1.1, which is absent from the alternative sigma factor, is poor in conservation; however, region 1.2 is well conserved. We investigated the importance of these two subregions to the function of Bacillus subtilis sigma(A), which belongs to a subgroup of the primary or factor lacking a 254-amino-acid spacer between regions 1 and 2. We found that deletion of not more than 100 amino acid residues from the N terminus of sigma(A), which removed part or all region 1.1, did not affect the overall transcription activity of the truncated sigma(A)-RNA polymerase in vitro, indicating that region 1.1 is not required for the functioning of sigma(A) in RNA polymerase holoenzyme. This finding is consistent with the complementation data obtained in vivo. However, region 1.1 is able to negatively modulate the promoter DNA-binding activity of the or sigma(A)-RNA polymerase. Further deletion of the conserved Arg-103 at the N terminus of region 1.2 increased the content of stable secondary structures of the truncated sigma(A) and greatly reduced the transcription activity of the truncated sigma(A)-RNA polymerase by lowering the efficiency of transcription initiation after core binding of sigma(A). More importantly, the conserved Arg-103 was also demonstrated to be critical for the functioning of the full-length sigma(A) in RNA polymerase.
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