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標題: Your Submissive Servant: the Interrelationships between Race, Gender and Class in Nadine Gordimer''s July''s People
作者: Chen, Mei-hue
關鍵字: 南非;South Africa;種族隔離;性別分工;家政經濟;學舌;白人自由主義;主僕關係;apartheid;sexual division of labor;domestic economy;mimic;White Liberalism;Master-Servant Relationship
出版社: 外國語文學系

This thesis examines an internalized racial hierarchy in South African white liberalism in the work of Nadine Gordimer's July's People. In particular, it considers the troubled relationship between the white liberal-minded masters and their black male servants. It is through a transition of political and economical roles that Gordimer reveals the limitation and illumination of the white liberal belief─a false concept constructed in a relationship that is based on material exploitation. The body of the thesis is comprised of three chapters that address the issues surrounding the master and servant relationship in the story. The first chapter explores the colonial history of South Africa, with an emphasis on its racial and economical context that influenced Gordimer's writing of July's People. Drawing upon Marxist theories, the chapter explores the process of capitalist primitive accumulation and its influences on the forming of a white supreme race identify in South Africa. The second chapter is concerned with Gordimer's radical critique of white liberal attitude in July's People that reveals itself in a tangled relationship between a black servant and his white madam. In the light of Hegel's explanation on the Master/Slave relation, I will point out this relation as primarily a mutual interdependence, particularly in terms of economy. In the same chapter, I will also adopt Maria Mies's theory on sexual and racial divisions of labor and Anne McClintock's explanation on the meanings of domesticity to illuminate the exploitative nature of servitude in the novel. The third chapter exemplifies an ultimate illusion of white liberalism that arose both from the servant's rejection to be interpellated as a colonial subject and from the servant's partial representing the masters' language and behaviors by the act of mimicking.
Appears in Collections:外國語文學系所

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