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|標題:||Local linkages and their effects on headquarters' use of process controls||作者:||Yu, C.M.J.
|關鍵字:||process controls;agency theory;network linkages;international joint ventures;foreign direct-investment;transaction;costs theory;multinational-corporations;knowledge flows;location;choice;output controls;agency theory;entry mode;subsidiaries||Project:||Journal of Business Research||期刊/報告no：:||Journal of Business Research, Volume 59, Issue 12, Page(s) 1239-1247.||摘要:||
This paper explores the relationship between subsidiaries' local linkages and headquarters' use of process controls. Making use of both agency and network theories, we conceptualize subsidiaries as agents within multinational networks, as well as instruments seeking resources from external networks. In accordance with agency theory, we predict that subsidiaries' use of local linkages will result in a decrease in the use of process controls by headquarters. Empirical results from 407 Taiwanese firms confirm this hypothesis, suggesting that headquarters employing process controls to monitor subsidiaries' linkages with local actors (i.e., local firms) is too costly. Headquarters' use of process controls decreases when a subsidiary is a joint venture, and as the firm accumulates experience in a host market. (C) 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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