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標題: Wake flow pattern modified by small control cylinders at low Reynolds number
作者: Kuo, C.H.
Chiou, L.C.
Chen, C.C.
關鍵字: passive wake control;circular cylinder;unsteady lift;drag reduction;vortex street;vortex street;bluff-bodies;drag;suppression
Project: Journal of Fluids and Structures
期刊/報告no:: Journal of Fluids and Structures, Volume 23, Issue 6, Page(s) 938-956.
Passive wake control behind a circular cylinder in uniform flow is studied by numerical simulation for Re-D ranging from 80 to 300. Two small control cylinders, with diameter d/D = 1/8, are placed at x/D = 0.5 and y/D = +/- 0.6. Unlike the 1990 results of Strykowski and Sreenivasan, in the present study, the vortex street behind the main cylinder still exists but the fluctuating lift and the form drag on the main cylinder reduces significantly and monotonously as the Reynolds number increases from 80 to 300. Obstruction of the control cylinders to the incoming flow deflects part of the fluid to pass through the gap between the main and control cylinders, forming two symmetric streams. These streams not only eliminate the flow separation along the rear surface of the main cylinder, they also merge toward the wake centerline to create an advancing momentum in the immediate near-wake region. These two effects significantly reduce the wake width behind the main cylinder and lead to monotonous decrease of the form drag as the Reynolds number increases. As the Reynolds number gets higher, a large amount of the downstream advancing momentum significantly delays the vortex formation farther downstream, leading to a more symmetric flow structure in the near-wake region of the main cylinder. As the Reynolds number increases from 80 to 300, both increasing symmetry of the flow structure in the near-wake and significant delay of the vortex formation are the main reasons for the fluctuating lift to decrease monotonously. (c) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0889-9746
DOI: 10.1016/j.jfluidstructs.2007.01.002
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