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Reciprocity of Body Private and Body Politic: A Study of The Legend of Temperance in The Faerie Queene
The Elizabethan period is a great age in British history, and its greatness is personified in Queen Elizabeth. In Elizabeth's reign, power rested in the office of the sovereign, and to integrate the individual into the body of realm, under the queen, was powerfully under way. In its encomium of Queen Elizabeth, as the title suggests, Spenser's Faerie Queene also participates in this cult of wholeness. Yet of all the books in The Faerie Queene, Book II, “The Legend of Sir Guyon, or of Temperance,” may best exemplify the reciprocity of body private and body politic. The health or sickness of the individual is analogous to that of the state, and the national power closely hinges on personal action. This thesis aims therefore to study Spenser's idea of Temperance in Book II of The Faerie Queene and to show that the individual's dominion over his own body is the indispensable precondition for the social success.
Chapter One begins with a review of the sixteenth century expansionist England and how Spenser's view of history helps shape his idea of temperance. Chapter Two will go into an analysis of how Spenser's temperance, in the context of the expanding political enterprise of Elizabethan age, emerges as a militant virtue. With the assumptions of the Fall, however, Spenser also presents his temperance as an idea of regimen to enable a man to do more work to serve his nation. The true home of temperance, Alma's Castle, will be explored in detail in this chapter. Chapter Three will look at men's unmoored sexual behaviors in the Bower of Bliss. Through sexual satiation, Acrasia saps her victims of male energies and plunges them into extended or permanent dissipation. In her garden of sensual indulgence, as a result, all quests have ceased to exist, and the body in order that is established in Alma's Castle is also liquefied in a lava flow of passions. The Conclusion will attempt an analysis of such issues as why the Bower of Bliss necessitates Guyon's stern action against it as well as why Acrasia remains undestroyed.
伊莉莎白時期是英國歷史上的一個偉大的年代，而伊莉莎白女王正是其偉大的具體化身。 在伊莉莎白的統治下，權力歸諸皇室，將個人納入國家整體之中，臣服於女王之下，亦如火如荼地進行著。 如同標題所示，在其對伊莉莎白女王的讚頌下，史賓塞的《仙后》也參與著這整體的崇拜。 然而在《仙后》的所有卷書中，第二卷（Sir Guyon 或「節制傳奇」）可說是最能例證個人與國家機制的互惠性。 個人的健康或疾病與國家是相似的，而國家的力量緊密地連繫於個人的行動。 因此本論文試圖探究史賓塞在《仙后》第二卷書中的節制概念，並說明個人對自我身體的掌控是社會成功不可或缺的先備條件。
本文第一章節以概述十六世紀擴張主義的英國開始，並闡述史賓塞的歷史觀點如何幫助形成他對節制的概念。 第二章節將分析，在伊莉莎白時期之擴張政治事業的環境下，史賓塞的節制如何浮現為一個戰鬥的美德。 然而在墮落的考量下，史賓塞亦將其節制呈現為一個養生的概念，以使人們能做更多的工作來服務國家。 這章節也將仔細地探討節制的真正之家─Alma 的城堡。 第三章節將檢視男性在 Bower of Bliss中不受羈絆的性行為。 透過性滿足，Acrasia 榨取其受害者的精力，且使他們陷入長期或永久的放蕩。 結果在Acrasia感官沉溺的花園中，所有的冒險皆停止了，而在Alma城堡中所建立的那個有制度的身體亦在情慾的熔岩流中融化了。 結論將試圖分析這樣的議題，即：為何Guyon必須對Bower of Bliss採取嚴厲的行動，以及為何Acrasia不能被摧毀。
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