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標題: Preparation of porous PMMA/Na+-montmorillonite cation-exchange membranes for cationic dye adsorption
作者: Lin, R.Y.
Chen, B.S.
Chen, G.L.
Wu, J.Y.
Chiu, H.C.
Suen, S.Y.
關鍵字: PMMA/Na+-MMT composite membrane;Cation-exchange membrane;Cationic dye;Adsorption;mixed matrix membranes;polymer-chain rigidification;gas separation;properties;emulsion polymerization;composite membranes;methyl violet;nanocomposite membranes;clay nanocomposites;na+-montmorillonite;mmt;nanocomposites
Project: Journal of Membrane Science
期刊/報告no:: Journal of Membrane Science, Volume 326, Issue 1, Page(s) 117-129.
Porous PMMA/Na+-montmorillonite (MMT) cation-exchange membranes were successfully prepared by entrapment method in this study. One approach (simple mixing) was to mix commercial PMMA polymer with Na+-MMT clays in solvent for membrane preparation (Membrane A). The other approach (emulsion polymerization) was to synthesize the PMMA/Na+-MMT polymer composite via emulsion polymerization first, followed by membrane casting (Membrane B for Kunipia F clays and Membrane C for PK-802 clays). Membrane morphology and properties were characterized. The thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) verified the near complete incorporation of feed Na+-MMT clays in the PMMA/Na+-MMT composite membranes, while X-ray diffractograms (WXRD) exhibited the slightly enlarged interlayer spacing of Na+-MMT. The range of cation-exchange capacity (CEC) was 9-32 mu equiv./47 mm disc. For batch cationic dye adsorption, the best performance was achieved by Membrane B with feed Na+-MMT/MMA (M/P) ratio (w/w) = 0.5 and Membrane C with feed M/P = 0.6, where about 95% Methyl violet adsorption was attained in 2 h. The optimal desorption solution was 1 M KSCN in 80% methanol and its related dye desorption efficiency was 92%. In the flow process using one piece of 47 mm disc of Membrane B (M/P = 0.5), dye solution was recirculated for 6 h and >= 85% dye could be removed. Higher than 94% of dye was desorbed at 1 or 4 mL/min, and the membrane regenerability was proved by successfully performing three consecutive cycles. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0376-7388
DOI: 10.1016/j.memsci.2008.09.038
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