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標題: New Electrocatalysts for Unitized Regenerative Fuel Cell: Pt-Ir Alloy Deposited on the Proton Exchange Membrane Surface by Impregnation-Reduction Method
作者: Wan, C.H.
Wu, C.L.
Lin, M.T.
Shih, C.
關鍵字: Pt-Ir Catalyst Layer;Electrocatalytic Activity;Oxygen Electrode;Impregnation-Reduction Method;composite electrode;tolerance;layer;film
Project: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
期刊/報告no:: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Volume 10, Issue 7, Page(s) 4612-4618.
In this paper, a modified technique to prepare Pt-Ir catalyst layer on the proton exchange membrane (PEM) surface using the impregnation-reduction (IR) method is proposed to improve the electrocatalytic activity as well as the life cycle of the bifunctional oxygen electrode (BOE). The resulted electrocatalysts were characterized by the Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), X-ray Diffraction (XRD), Electron Probe Micro-Analysis (EPMA), and Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM). The electrocatalytic properties of the Pt-Ir layer on PEM surface for the oxygen reduction and water oxidation reactions as well as the life cycle of MEA were investigated. Experimental results showed that the Ir particles were dispersed densely in the platinum layer through the modified IR technique. The atomic ratio of Pt over Ir elements was 9:1, and the resulted thickness of the obtained Pt-Ir catalyst layer was about 1.0 mu m. The Pt-Ir catalyst layer was composed of Pt layer doped with Ir nano-particles comprising nano Pt-Ir alloy phase. The large surface area of Ir core with Pt shell particles and the presence of nano Pt-Ir alloy phase led to a higher electrocatalytic activity of BOE. Due to the good binding between the Nafion (R) membrane and the Pt-Ir alloy catalyst, as well as the composite structure of the resulted Pt-Ir, the life cycle of Unitized Regenerative Fuel Cell (URFC) is improved through this novel BOE.
ISSN: 1533-4880
DOI: 10.1166/jnn.2010.1711
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