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|標題:||Luteolin inhibits cytokine expression in endotoxin/cytokine-stimulated microglia||作者:||Kao, T.K.
|Project:||Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry||期刊/報告no：:||Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry, Volume 22, Issue 7, Page(s) 612-624.||摘要:||
Microglial activation plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative disease by producing excessive proinflammatory cytokines and nitric oxide (NO). Luteolin, a naturally occurring polyphenolic flavonoid antioxidant, has potent anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective properties both in vitro and in vivo. However, the molecular mechanism of luteolin-mediated immune modulation in microglia is not fully understood. In the present study, we report the inhibitory effect of luteolin on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)/interferon gamma (IFN-gamma)-induced NO and proinflammatory cytokine production in rat primary microglia and BV-2 microglial cells. Luteolin concentration-dependently abolished LPS/IFN-gamma-induced NO, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin 1 beta (IL-1 beta) production as well as inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) protein and mRNA expression. Luteolin exerted an inhibitory effect on transcription factor activity including nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappa B), signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1) and interferon regulatory factor 1 (IRF-1) in LPS/IFN-gamma-activated BV-2 microglial cells. Biochemical and pharmacological studies revealed that the anti-inflammatory effect of luteolin was accompanied by down-regulation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), p38, c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK). Akt and Src. Further studies have demonstrated that the inhibitory effect of luteolin on intracellular signaling execution and proinflammatory cytokine expression is associated with resolution of oxidative stress and promotion of protein phosphatase activity. Together, these results suggest that luteolin suppresses NF-kappa B, STAT1 and IRF-1 signaling, thus attenuating inflammatory response of brain microglial cells. (C) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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