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|標題:||Characterization of rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus field isolates in Taiwan||作者:||Shien, J.H.
|關鍵字:||rabbit hemorrhagic disease;rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus;field;isolate;calicivirus||Project:||Journal of Virological Methods||期刊/報告no：:||Journal of Virological Methods, Volume 71, Issue 1, Page(s) 27-33.||摘要:||
Liver tissues from animals that were suspected to have died of rabbit hemorrhagic disease (RHD) were used for isolation and characterization of the causative agent. Three strains of RHD virus were isolated as the supernatants of liver homogenates reacted positively by hemagglutination (HA) assays and were infective for rabbits after second passage in animals. Following extraction of liver homogenates from animals infected with each of three isolates, each virus strain was purified by CsCl density gradient ultracentrifugation for further characterization. In negative-stained preparations, the purified virions were icosahedral, measured approximately 40 nm in diameter, and were without an envelope. Morphologically, the three isolates were identical. By immunoblotting, a protein with a molecular weight of 60 000 was identified as the major structural protein in each isolate. Furthermore, two sets of primer framed two different regions within RHD virus genome and could amplify two fragments of the expected size? respectively, from each isolate, whereas, none were obtained from uninfected control samples. The identity of the amplified products was confirmed further using different restriction endonucleases. Among three isolates of RHD virus, neither protein migration patterns of the virions nor cleavage patterns of the amplified product by restriction enzymes were found to differ. (C) 1998 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
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