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標題: Copolymer-layered silicate hybrid surfactants from the intercalation of montmorillonite with amphiphilic copolymers
作者: Lin, J.J.
Hsu, Y.C.
Chou, C.C.
關鍵字: polypropylene copolymers;micelle formation;block-copolymers;water;nanocomposites;xylene
Project: Langmuir
期刊/報告no:: Langmuir, Volume 19, Issue 13, Page(s) 5184-5187.
A novel class of surfactants was prepared from the ionic exchange reaction of sodium montmorillonite (MMT) and a comb-branch shape of maleated polypropylene (MPP) derived copolymers consisting of pendent quaternary ammonium salts, polyoxyalkylene linkers, and a polypropylene (PP) backbone. The hybrid surfactant is composed of a hydrophilic silicate core and a hydrophobic PP corona. In the silicate core, there are approximately 6-10 silicate layers which are intercalated by multiple ammonium salts of the copolymer at d spacing of 19 Angstrom. Surrounding the core, the flexible PP strains contribute to the hydrophobic property in balancing with the hydrophilic silicates to form a water-in-oil (W/O) type cluster structure. When using 2000 g/mol molecular weight poly(oxyethylene)amine, the copolymer (MPP-POE2000) intercalated MMT hybrid was found to be dispersed well in toluene at an average 570-580 nm particle diameter. The aggregated particles exhibited an ability of lowering the toluene/water interfacial tension until 5.0 mN/m at a critical concentration of 0.01 wt %. The aggregated particle size is indifferent to the temperature change in the range 25-75 degreesC, implying the unusual thermal stability of the MMT-template hybrid surfactants and possibly the presence of a single-molecular surfactant micelle with the MMT primary particle as the central hydrophilic core.
ISSN: 0743-7463
DOI: 10.1021/la0340221
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