Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/7070
標題: 安東尼.布朗繪本中男性特質的再現
Representations of Masculinity in Anthony Browne''s Picture Books
作者: 王品惠
Wang, Pin-Huei
關鍵字: Anthony Browne;安東尼.布朗;Picture Books;Masculinity;繪本;男性特質
出版社: 外國語文學系所
引用: Allen, Ann, Allen Daniel, and Gary Sigler. “Changes in Sex-Role Stereotyping in Caldecott Medal Award Picture Books 1938-1988.” Journal of Research in Childhood Education 7 (1993): 67-73. “Anthony Browne.” World Book Day. 1 June 2007 <http://www.worldbookday.com/documents/web4c/extract/07web4cBrownebio.pdf> Beckett, Sandra. “Parodic Play with Paintings in Picture Books.” Children's Literature 29 (2001): 175-195. Berger, John. Ways of Seeing. London: British Broadcasting, 1972. Bly, Robert. Iron John: A Book about Men. New York: Harper & Row, 1990. Bradford, Clare. “Playing with Father: Anthony Browne's Picture Books and the Masculine.” Children's Literature in Education 29.2 (1998): 79-96. Browne, Anthony. The Big Baby: A Little Joke. London: Julia MacRae, 1994. ---. Gorilla. London: Julia MacRae, 1983. ---. Into the Forest. London: Walker, 2004. ---. My Dad. London: Doubleday, 2001. ---. My Mom. London: Doubleday, 2005. ---. Piggybook. New York: Knopf, 1986. ---. The Shape Game. New York: Farrar, 2003 ---. The Tunnel. London: Walker, 1990. ---. Voices in the Park. London: Doubleday, 1998. ---. Willy and Hugh. London: Walker, 1991. ---. Willy the Champ. London: Walker, 1985. ---. Willy the Wimp. London: Walker, 1984. ---. Willy the Wizard. London: Walker, 1995. ---. Zoo. London: Red Fox, 1992. Beauvoir, Simone de. The Second Sex. New York: Vintage, 1989. Bullen, Elizabeth and Elizabeth Parsons. “Cultural Orienteering: A Map for Anthony Browne's Into the Forest.” Bookbird 43.3 (2005): 8-17. Butler, Judith. Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. New York: Routledge, 1990. Christian, Harry. The Making of Anti-Sexist Men. New York: Routledge, 1994. Clatterbaugh, Kenneth. Contemporary Perspectives on Masculinity: Men, Women, and Politics in Modern Society. Colorado: Westview, 1997. Connell, R.W. Gender. Cambridge: Polity, 2002. ---. Masculinities. Sydney: Allen & Unwin, 1995. ---. The Men and the Boys. Sydney: Allen & Unwin, 2000. Connell, R.W., D.J. Ashenden, S. Kessler, and G.W. Dowsett. Making the Difference: School, Family and Social Division. Sydney: George Allen and Unwin, 1982. Doonan, Jane. “Drawing out Ideas: A Second Decades of the Work of Anthony Browne.” The Lion and Unicorn 23.1 (1990): 30-56. ---. Looking at Pictures in Picture Books. Stroud: Thimble, 1993. ---. “Object Lesson: Picture Books of Anthony Browne.” Word and Image 2:2 (1986): 159-72. Eccleshare, Julia. “Portraits of the Artist as a Gorilla.” Guardian Unlimited 29 July, 2000. 10 April 2006 <http://books.guardian.co.uk/departments/ childrenandteens/story > Engel, Beverly. “Why Apologizing Is Difficult for Some and Too Easy for Others.” The Power of Apology. New York: John Wiley, 2001. 37-52. Foucault, Michel. “The Diet of Pleasures.” The History of Sexuality: The Use of Pleasure. New York: Vintage, 1985. 109-16. Gilbert, Rob and Pam Gilbert. Masculinity Goes to School. London: Routledge, 1998. Gooden, Angela and Mark Gooden. “Gender Representation in Notable Children's Picture Books: 1995-1999.” Sex Role 45.1-2 (2001): 89-101. Hamilton, Edith. “Flower-Myths: Narcissus, Hyacinth, Adonis.” Mythology: Timeless Tales of Gods and Heroes. New York: Warner, 1999. 89-94. Heywood, Colin. A History of Childhood: Children and Childhood in the West from Medieval to Modern Times. Oxford: Blackwell, 2003. Jaster, Roman. “Gallery.” Edvard Munch: The Dance of Life Site. 2005. 27 Feb. 2006 <http://www.edvard-munch.com>. Lewis, David. “The Interaction of Word and Image in Picturebooks: A Critical Survey.” Reading Contemporary Picturebooks: Picturing Text. London: Routledge, 2001. Mallan, Kerry. “Picturing the Male: Representations of Masculinity in Picture Books.” Ways of Being Male. New York: Routledge, 2002. 15-37. Martin, Douglas. “Anthony Browne.” The Telling Line. London: MacRae, 1989. 279-90. Messner, Michael. “Boyhood: The Promise of Sport.” Power at Play: Sports and the Problem of Masculinity. Massachusetts: Beacon, 1992. 24-41. ---. Politics of Masculinities: Men in Movements. London: Sage, 1997. Nikolajeva, Maria, and Carole Scott. How Picturebooks Work. New York: Garland, 2001. Nodelman, Perry. “Making Boys Appear: The Masculinity of Children's Fiction.” Ways of Being Males. New York: Routledge, 2002. 1-14. ---. Words about Picture: The Narrative Art of Children's Picture Books. London: U of Georgia P, 1988. Paul, Lissa. “Enigma Variations: What Feminist Theory Knows about Children's Literature.” Children's Literature. Ed. Peter Hunt. New York: Routledge, 1993. 148-82. Perrot, Jean. “An English Promenade.” Bookbird 38.3 (2000): 11-16. Phillips, Angela. The Trouble with Boys: A Wise and Sympathetic Guide to the Risky Business of Raising Sons. New York: Basic, 1994. Pollack, William. Real Boys: Rescuing our Sons from the Myths of Boyhood. New York: Henry Holt, 1998. Pope, Harrison, Katherine Phillips, and Roberto Olivardia. The Adonis Complex: The Secret Crisis of Male Body Obsession. New York: Free Press, 2000. Purdon, Mary. “Drawing Lessons from Anthony Browne.” Teaching through Texts: Promoting Literacy through Popular and Literary Texts in the Primary Classroom. Ed. Holly Anderson and Morag Styles. London: Routledge, 2000. 82-93. Richards, Jeffrey. “Introduction.” Athleticism in the Victorian and Edwardian Public Schools. Mangan, James Anthony. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1981. Roback, Diane. “About Our Cover Artist.” Publisher Weekly 20 July 1998: 121. Stearns, Peter N. “Themes in Comtemporary Manhood.” Be A Man! New York: Holmes and Meier, 1990. 176-228. Stephens, John. “‘A Page Just Waiting to Be Written on': Masculinity Schemata and the Dynamics of Subjective Agency in Junior Fiction.” Ways of Being Males. New York: Routledge, 2002. 38-54. ---. “Gender, Genre and Children's Literature.” Signal 79 (1996): 17-30. ---. Language and Ideology in Children's Fiction. London: Longman, 1992. Stewig, John W. Looking at Picture Books. Wisconsin: Highsmith, 1995. Strayer, Joseph R. and Hans W. Gatzke. The Mainstream of Civilization since 1500. California: Harcourt, 1984. 439. Tasker, Yvonne. “Tough Guys and Wise Guys: Masculinities and Star Images in Action Cinema.” Spectacular Bodies: Gender, Genre and the Action Cinema. New York: Routledge, 1993. 73-90. Tripp, Anna. “Introduction.” Gender. London: Palgrave, 2000. 1-17. “Western Gorilla” ARKive: Images Life on Earth. 20 Nov. 2006 <http://www.arkive.org/species/GES/mammals/Gorilla_gorilla/more_info.html> Whitehead, Stephen M. Men and Masculinities: Key themes and New Directions. Cambridge: Polity, 2002. Whitson, David. “Sport in the Social Construction of Masculinity.” Sport, Men, and the Gender Order: Critical Feminist Perspectives. Ed. Michael Messner and Don Sabo. Champaign: Human Kinetics, 1990. 19-30. Wilkie, Christine. “Relating Texts: Intertextuality.” Understanding Children's Literature. Ed. Peter Hunt. 1999. London: Routledge, 2003. 130-37. Zelizer, Vivian A. Pricing the Priceless Child: The Changing Social Value of Children. New Jersey: Princeton UP, 1994 Zolotow, Charlotte. William's Doll. Illustrated by William Pene du Bois. New York: HarperCollins, 1972.
摘要: 
本篇論文以安東尼.布朗的繪本為例,探討繪本中男性角色與男性特質建構的關係。男性特質並非天生自然的而是多元、階級、集體性、建構及動態可變的。本文首先在第一章針對性別理論及文獻進行回顧探討,指出性別研究中男性研究的趨勢。這些針對各種不同的「男性特質」(masculinities)所進行的研究成果和各種相關的男性自覺運動,某種程度是試圖回應自七十年代以來廣義的女性主義對性別角色與性別政治的批評而來的。接著,在第二章中依據在安東尼.布朗所刻畫的男性角色中,男孩藉由在多方面的競爭、如身材,運動等項目,進而建構己身的男性特質。第三章,從核心家庭中的父親與母親及孩子間的互動可以察覺,威權式的父親以命令或挖苦的語氣支配其他家庭成員使其侷限於性別的牢籠中,而完全依賴家中女性成員的照顧,卻也是另一種層面的壓榨和剝削。

This thesis discusses the relation between male characters and masculinity in Anthony Browne's picture books. Masculinity is not natural born in men, but multiple, hierarchical, collective, constructed and dynamic. Chapter One aims to retrace gender theory and literature review about masculinity and masculinity in children's literature. Masculinity study and men's movements examine and discuss the assumptions and concepts of various masculinities. To certain extent, these studies and movements try to respond to feminism, which criticizes traditional gender role and gender politics since the 1970s. Then, in Chapter Two, according to Anthony Browne's representations of masculinity, boys compete with others to construct their gender identity by means of competition in aspects of muscular figure and sports. In Chapter Three, the interaction among fathers, mothers and children in nuclear family illustrate power and gender relation. Authoritative fathers confine other family members in their gendered roles through commanding and verbal abuse. In addition, men take another form of exploitation of women, that is, total dependence on women.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/7070
其他識別: U0005-0108200700510100
Appears in Collections:外國語文學系所

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