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標題: Analysis and experiment of capillary valves for microfluidics on a rotating disk
作者: Chen, J.M.
Huang, P.C.
Lin, M.G.
關鍵字: capillary valve;rectangular microchannel;burst pressure;centrifugal;microfluidics;total analysis systems;stop valves;flow;microvalve
Project: Microfluidics and Nanofluidics
期刊/報告no:: Microfluidics and Nanofluidics, Volume 4, Issue 5, Page(s) 427-437.
This paper presents an analytical expression of the pressure barrier in a capillary-burst valve for flow regulation in centrifugal microfluidics. The analysis considers variations of the interfacial energies at the meniscus of three-dimensional (3D) configuration in a rectangular microchannel with a sudden expansion in cross-section. We derive a simple expression that predicts the critical burst pressure or rotational speed to overcome the capillary valve. Experiments were carried out for capillary valves that were integrated with microchannels on a rotating disk having various cross-sectional dimensions (300 and 400 mu m in width and 80-600 mu m in depth) and wedge angles (30 degrees-100 degrees) of sudden expansion. The flow visualization of the meniscus development across the capillary valve supports the assumptions made for the present analysis. The measurements of burst rotational speeds for the capillary valves are in good agreement with the predictions by the simple expression except that those with a larger channel width and wider wedge angles are nearly 10% lower than the predicted values.
ISSN: 1613-4982
DOI: 10.1007/s10404-007-0196-x
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