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|標題:||Spinal SIRP alpha 1-SHP2 interaction regulates spinal nerve ligation-induced neuropathic pain via PSD-95-dependent NR2B activation in rats||作者:||Peng, H.Y.
|關鍵字:||Spinal nerve ligation;SIRP alpha 1;SHP2;PSD-95;NMDA;NR2B;NSC-87877;protein-tyrosine-phosphatase;postsynaptic density-93 protein;nmda;receptor subunits;phosphorylation;psd-95;injury;expression;cord;guidelines;corkscrew||Project:||Pain||期刊/報告no：:||Pain, Volume 153, Issue 5, Page(s) 1042-1053.||摘要:||
The fact that neuropathic pain mechanisms are not well understood is a major impediment in the development of effective clinical treatments. We examined whether the interaction between signal regulatory protein alpha 1 (SIRP alpha 1) and Src homology-2 domain-containing protein tyrosine phosphatase 2 (SHP2), and the downstream spinal SHP2/postsynaptic density 95 (PSD-95)/N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor NR2B subunit signaling cascade play a role in neuropathic pain. Following spinal nerve ligation (L5), we assessed tactile allodynia using the von Frey filament test and analyzed dorsal horn samples (L4-5) by Western blotting, reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, coimmunoprecipitation, and immunofluorescence. Nerve ligation induced allodynia, SIRP alpha 1, SHP2, phosphorylated SHP2 (pSHP2), and phosphorylated NR2B (pNR2B) expression, and SHP2-PSD-95, pSHP2-PSD-95, PSD-95-NR2B, and PSD-95-pNR2B coimmunoprecipitation in the ipsilateral dorsal horn. In allodynic rats, injury-induced SHP2 immunoreactivity was localized in the ipsilateral dorsal horn neurons and coincident with PSD-95 and NR2B immunoreactivity. SIRP alpha 1 silencing using small interfering RNA (siRNA; 1, 3, or 5 mu g/rat for 7 days) prevented injury-induced allodynia and the associated changes in protein expression, phosphorylation, and coimmunoprecipitation. Intrathecal administration of NSC-87877 (an SHP2 antagonist; 1, 10, or 100 mu M/rat) and SIRP alpha 1-neutralizing antibodies (1, 10, or 30 mu g/rat) suppressed spinal nerve ligation-induced allodynia, spinal SHP2 and NR2B phosphorylation, and SHP2/phosphorylated SHP2-PSD-95 and PSD-95-NR2B/phosphorylated NR2B coprecipitation. SHP2 siRNA led to similar effects as the NSC-87877 and SIRP alpha 1 antibody treatments, except it prevented the allodynia-associated spinal SHP2 expression. In conclusion, our results suggest that a spinal SIRP alpha 1-SHP2 interaction exists that subsequently triggers SHP2/PSD-95/NR2B signaling, thereby playing a role in neuropathic pain development. (C) 2012 International Association for the Study of Pain. Published by Elsevier B. V. All rights reserved.
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